Photochemical decomposition of fifteen polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners in methanol/water
2004 (English)In: Environmental Science & Technology, ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 38, no 11, 3119-3125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Among all brominated flame retardants in use, the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been identified as being of particular environmental concern due to their global distribution and bioaccumulating properties, as observed in humans and wildlife worldwide. Still there is a need for more data on the basic characteristics of PBDEs to better understand and describe their environmental fate. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the photochemical degradation of PBDEs with different degrees of bromination. The photochemical degradation of 15 individual PBDEs substituted with 4−10 bromine atoms was studied in methanol/water (8:2) by UV light in the sunlight region. Nine of these were also studied in pure methanol, and four of the nine PBDEs were studied in tetrahydrofuran. The photochemical reaction rate decreased with decreasing number of bromine substituents in the molecule but also in some cases influenced by the PBDE substitution pattern. The reaction rate was dependent on the solvent in such a way that the reaction rate in a methanol/water solution was consistently around 1.7 times lower than in pure methanol and 2−3 times lower than in THF. The UV degradation half-life of decaBDE (T1/2 = 0.5 h) was more than 500 times shorter than the environmentally abundant congener 2,2‘,4,4‘-tetraBDE (T1/2 = 12 d) in methanol/water. The quantum yields in the methanol/water solution ranged from 0.1 to 0.3. The photochemical reaction of decaBDE is a consecutive debromination from ten- down to six-bromine-substituted PBDEs. Products with less than six bromines were tentatively identified as brominated dibenzofurans and traces of what was indicated as methoxylated brominated dibenzofurans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2004. Vol. 38, no 11, 3119-3125 p.
Research subject Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23145DOI: 10.1021/es049830tOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23145DiVA: diva2:190396
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-1672004-05-132004-05-132009-12-22Bibliographically approved