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A cross-cultural evaluation of a multidimensional and hierarchical model of physical self-perceptions in three national samples
University of Essex Wivenhoe Park, Colchester.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Department of Physical Education and Sport Middle East Technical University Ankara,.
2004 (English)In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 34, no 5, 1075-1107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A multidimensional and hierarchical model of self-perceptions in the physical domain was evaluated in samples from 3 nations: Great Britain, Sweden, and Turkey. The Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP; Fox & Corbin, 1989), was translated and tested for factorial and construct validity in each national sample. A first-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) hypothesizing 4 latent factors representing the subdomains of sports competence, body attractiveness, physical condition, and physical strength was found to describe the PSPP data adequately for each national sample. A second-order CFA model that hypothesized a general latent factor of physical self-worth also exhibited good fit with the data from each sample, supporting the validity of the instrument in the national groups. Multi-sample analyses provided support for both models across samples, although selected items exhibited disparate meanings. The subdomain mean scores were significantly higher in the British sample compared with the Swedish and Turkish samples, with the exception of the physical condition subscale, which was higher in the Swedish and Turkish samples. Overall, these findings support the factor structure of the hierarchical, multidimensional model of physical self-perceptions across the national samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2004. Vol. 34, no 5, 1075-1107 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23206DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02584.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23206DiVA: diva2:190676
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In modern society, individuals constantly pass judgments on their own body and physical competence as well as that of other people. All too often, the verdict is less favourable. For the person, these physical self-perceptions (PSP) may negatively affect global self-esteem, identity, and general mental well being. The overall aim of this thesis is to examine primarily the role that exercise, but also the roles that gender and culture, play in the formation of PSP. In Study I, using confirmatory factor analyses, strong support for the validity of a first-order, and a second-order hierarchical and multidimensional model of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP: Fox & Corbin, 1989) was found across three national samples (Great Britain, Sweden and Turkey) of university students. Cross-cultural differences were detected, with the British sample demonstrating higher latent means on all PSPP subdomains except for the physical condition subdomain (Condition), than the Swedish and Turkish samples. In Study II, a higher self-reported exercise frequency was associated with more positive PSP (in particular for Condition) and more importance attributed to PSP in Swedish university students. Males demonstrated higher overall PSPP-scores than females. In Study III, a true-experimental design with randomisation into an intervention and a control group was adopted. Strong support for the effects of an empowerment-based exercise intervention programme on PSP and social physique anxiety (SPA) over six months for adolescent girls was found. The relations of exercise, gender and culture with PSP, SPA and self-esteem are discussed from the standpoints of a variety of theoretical models (the EXSEM-model), and frameworks (self-presentation and objectification theory). The two theories of self-enhancement and skill-development are examined with regard to the direction of the exercise-physical self relationship and motivation for exercise. Arguments for the relevance of exercise and PSP for practitioners in promoting general mental well-being and preventing modern-day diseases are outlined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2004. 148 p.
Keyword
Physical self-perceptions, exercise, gender, culture, social physique anxiety, self-presentation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187 (URN)91-7265-871-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-06-11, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19Bibliographically approved

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