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The role of exercise and gender for physical self-perceptions and importance ratings in Swedish university students
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 14, no 6, 373-380 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate how scores on the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP), including scores on the Perceived Importance Profile (PIP), were related to self-reported exercise frequency, duration, and gender in sample of Swedish university students. A total of 164 participants completed the PSPP, PIP, and a questionnaire focusing on frequency and duration of exercise. Exercise frequency, duration, and gender predicted best the PSPP sub-domains of Sport Competence and Physical Conditioning. Exercising more frequently, and for a longer time on each occasion was associated with higher PSPP and PIP scores. Women generally displayed lower PSPP scores than men. These results suggest that exercise professionals need to master a range of appropriate exercise strategies, since doubts concerning self-presentation may work against establishing a regular exercise routine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2004. Vol. 14, no 6, 373-380 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23207DOI: 10.1046/j.1600-0838.2003.372.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23207DiVA: diva2:190677
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In modern society, individuals constantly pass judgments on their own body and physical competence as well as that of other people. All too often, the verdict is less favourable. For the person, these physical self-perceptions (PSP) may negatively affect global self-esteem, identity, and general mental well being. The overall aim of this thesis is to examine primarily the role that exercise, but also the roles that gender and culture, play in the formation of PSP. In Study I, using confirmatory factor analyses, strong support for the validity of a first-order, and a second-order hierarchical and multidimensional model of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP: Fox & Corbin, 1989) was found across three national samples (Great Britain, Sweden and Turkey) of university students. Cross-cultural differences were detected, with the British sample demonstrating higher latent means on all PSPP subdomains except for the physical condition subdomain (Condition), than the Swedish and Turkish samples. In Study II, a higher self-reported exercise frequency was associated with more positive PSP (in particular for Condition) and more importance attributed to PSP in Swedish university students. Males demonstrated higher overall PSPP-scores than females. In Study III, a true-experimental design with randomisation into an intervention and a control group was adopted. Strong support for the effects of an empowerment-based exercise intervention programme on PSP and social physique anxiety (SPA) over six months for adolescent girls was found. The relations of exercise, gender and culture with PSP, SPA and self-esteem are discussed from the standpoints of a variety of theoretical models (the EXSEM-model), and frameworks (self-presentation and objectification theory). The two theories of self-enhancement and skill-development are examined with regard to the direction of the exercise-physical self relationship and motivation for exercise. Arguments for the relevance of exercise and PSP for practitioners in promoting general mental well-being and preventing modern-day diseases are outlined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2004. 148 p.
Keyword
Physical self-perceptions, exercise, gender, culture, social physique anxiety, self-presentation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187 (URN)91-7265-871-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-06-11, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19Bibliographically approved

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