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The effects of a 6-month exercise intervention programme on physical self-perceptions, importance ratings, and social physique anxiety in non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University.
2005 (English)In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, Vol. 6, no 6, 643-658 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To examine the effects of a 6-month exercise intervention programme (EIP) on physical self-perceptions (PSP) and social physique anxiety (SPA) of non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls. Methods: A true experimental design with randomization into an intervention or control group was used. The empowerment based EIP, offered to the intervention group twice a week for 6 months, consisted of 45-min exercise sessions followed by 15 min of discussions regarding a healthy lifestyle. A variety of exercise activities, chosen by the participants themselves, were used. Twenty-seven participants in the intervention group and 35 in the control group completed the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) and the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) at pre- and posttest and, in addition, physical fitness, weight and height were measured. Results and conclusions: The intent to treat analysis showed no significant improvements in PSPP subdomains, but lower SPAS scores for the intervention group, compared to the control group. However, when using a less conservative analysis, including only those who completed assessments both pre- and post-intervention, the intervention significantly reduced both PSPP subdomain and SPAS scores. The changes in PSPP and SPAS scores were not linked to changes in physiological variables. The results are put in the context of previous longitudinal and review studies, theoretical frameworks and models. The direction of effects, possible mechanisms and limitations of the study are discussed along with practical applications linked to exercise and modern diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2005. Vol. 6, no 6, 643-658 p.
Keyword [en]
exercise intervention programme; social physique; anxiety; adolescent girls; self perceptions
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23208DOI: 1016/j.psychsport.2005.03.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23208DiVA: diva2:190678
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exercising the self: On the Role of Exercise, Gender and Culture in Physical Self-Perceptions
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In modern society, individuals constantly pass judgments on their own body and physical competence as well as that of other people. All too often, the verdict is less favourable. For the person, these physical self-perceptions (PSP) may negatively affect global self-esteem, identity, and general mental well being. The overall aim of this thesis is to examine primarily the role that exercise, but also the roles that gender and culture, play in the formation of PSP. In Study I, using confirmatory factor analyses, strong support for the validity of a first-order, and a second-order hierarchical and multidimensional model of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP: Fox & Corbin, 1989) was found across three national samples (Great Britain, Sweden and Turkey) of university students. Cross-cultural differences were detected, with the British sample demonstrating higher latent means on all PSPP subdomains except for the physical condition subdomain (Condition), than the Swedish and Turkish samples. In Study II, a higher self-reported exercise frequency was associated with more positive PSP (in particular for Condition) and more importance attributed to PSP in Swedish university students. Males demonstrated higher overall PSPP-scores than females. In Study III, a true-experimental design with randomisation into an intervention and a control group was adopted. Strong support for the effects of an empowerment-based exercise intervention programme on PSP and social physique anxiety (SPA) over six months for adolescent girls was found. The relations of exercise, gender and culture with PSP, SPA and self-esteem are discussed from the standpoints of a variety of theoretical models (the EXSEM-model), and frameworks (self-presentation and objectification theory). The two theories of self-enhancement and skill-development are examined with regard to the direction of the exercise-physical self relationship and motivation for exercise. Arguments for the relevance of exercise and PSP for practitioners in promoting general mental well-being and preventing modern-day diseases are outlined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2004. 148 p.
Keyword
Physical self-perceptions, exercise, gender, culture, social physique anxiety, self-presentation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-187 (URN)91-7265-871-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-06-11, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-05-19 Created: 2004-05-19Bibliographically approved

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