Selective determination of organophosphate flame-retardants and plasticizers in indoor air by gas chromatography, positive-ion chemical ionization and collision-induced dissosiation mass spectrometry
2004 (English)In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 0951-4198, E-ISSN 1097-0231, Vol. 18, no 24, 3079-3083 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry with in-source ionization and dissociation was used in positive-ion chemical ionization (PICI) mode for the determination of organophosphate triesters in indoor air. These compounds are widely used as additive flame retardants and plasticizers in different types of materials and have become ubiquitous pollutants in indoor environments. When using collision-induced dissociation in PICI mode the fragmentation of the organophosphate triesters can be performed in a more controllable way than in electron ionization (EI) mode. The developed selected-reaction monitoring method provided high selectivity for the investigated compounds. For 8-h air measurements (corresponding to 1.5 m3 of sampled air) the limit of detection of the method was determined to be in the range 0.1–1.4 ng m−3, which is comparable with nitrogen-phosphorus detection and about 50-fold lower than when using EI in selected-ion monitoring mode. The presented method was applied to samples from three common indoor environments, in which a number of organophosphate triesters were identified and quantified. The dominating compound was found to be tris(2-chloropropyl) phosphate, which occurred at levels up to 0.8 μg m−3.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 18, no 24, 3079-3083 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23334DOI: 10.1002/rcm.1721OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23334DiVA: diva2:191429
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-2442004-09-152004-09-152010-08-16Bibliographically approved