Retention of hydroxylated PBDE metabolites in blood plasma from PBDE exposed rats
2005 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, Vol. 39, no 14, 5342-5348 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants due to their use as flame retardants. Similarly to PCBs, the PBDEs are metabolized to hydroxylated metabolites (OH-PBDEs) in mammals. In the present study equimolar doses of seven environmentally relevant PBDE congeners were given intraperitoneally as a mixture to rats, and their blood plasma was analyzed for parent compounds and hydroxylated metabolites 1 and 5 days after dosing. Sixteen OH-PBDEs and two diOH-PBDEs were detected as PBDE metabolites in the rat plasma, a novel finding. Four OH-tetraBDEs were structurally identified by comparison (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) with authentic reference standards. The position of the hydroxyl groups was suggested according to the mass spectrometric fragmentation patterns of the corresponding PBDE methyl ether derivatives. The OH-PBDE metabolites were dominated by hydroxyl groups in the meta- and parapositions. The results show that OH-PBDE congeners have an ability to be retained in rat blood, most likely by a mechanism similar to that of OH-PCBs. The results will be useful for determination of the origin of OH-PBDEs present in wildlife and in humans, since OH-PBDEs are also common natural products in marine environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 39, no 14, 5342-5348 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23337PubMedID: 16082965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23337DiVA: diva2:191443
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-2452004-09-162004-09-162010-01-25Bibliographically approved