Structural mechanism of allosteric substrate specificity regulation in a ribonucleotide reductase
2004 (English)In: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, ISSN 1545-9993, E-ISSN 1545-9985, Vol. 11, no 11, 1142-1149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the reduction of ribonucleotides into deoxyribonucleotides, which constitute the precursor pools used for DNA synthesis and repair. Imbalances in these pools increase mutational rates and are detrimental to the cell. Balanced precursor pools are maintained primarily through the regulation of the RNR substrate specificity. Here, the molecular mechanism of the allosteric substrate specificity regulation is revealed through the structures of a dimeric coenzyme B12-dependent RNR from Thermotoga maritima, both in complexes with four effector-substrate nucleotide pairs and in three complexes with only effector. The mechanism is based on the flexibility of loop 2, a key structural element, which forms a bridge between the specificity effector and substrate nucleotides. Substrate specificity is achieved as different effectors and their cognate substrates stabilize specific discrete loop 2 conformations. The mechanism of substrate specificity regulation is probably general for most class I and class II RNRs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 11, no 11, 1142-1149 p.
NUCLEOTIDES, NUCLEIC acids, DNA -- Synthesis, GENES, DNA, HEREDITY
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23368DOI: 10.1038/nsmb838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23368DiVA: diva2:191541