Changes in Hg fractionation in soil induced by willow
2005 (English)In: Plant and Soil, ISSN 0032-079X, E-ISSN 1573-5036, Vol. 275, no 1-2, 67-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigated the effect of willow (Salix viminalis × S. schwerinii) on soil characteristics, including changes in Hg fractionation in the soil solid phase, and Hg accumulation and distribution in pot-grown plants cultivated for 32 and 76 days in aged Hg-contaminated soil (30 mg Hg kg−1DW). Changes in soil pH and organic carbon content as well as in Hg fractionation were monitored in both rhizospheric soil and in soil without plants. Mercury fractionation was performed by a 5-step sequential soil extraction procedure. Organic carbon content increased while pH decreased in the rhizospheric soil. Both chemically defined exchangeable Hg (0.1) and Hg bound to humic and fulvic acids (1.1) decreased in the rhizospheric soil, whereas plant accumulation of Hg increased with cultivation time. The sum of the decrease of these two soil Hg fractions after 76 days of cultivation was approximately equal to the amount of Hg accumulated in plants. Furthermore, the major Hg fractions (Hg bound to residual organic matter (53), sulphides (43), and the residual fraction (2.5)) remained stable. Neither whole plant accumulation of Hg from the soil, approximately 0.2 of total Hg in soil after 76 days cultivation, nor the fraction of total plant Hg in the shoots, which accounted for about 3 of the total plant Hg pool regardless of the cultivation time, were high. The overall results suggest that plants might be suitable for phytostabilization of aged Hg-contaminated soil, where root systems trap bioavailable Hg and help to control both leaching of Hg and re-entrainment of Hg-containing particulates from a contaminated site.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 275, no 1-2, 67-75 p.
bioavailability - mercury - phytoremediation - rhizosphere - Salix - soil extraction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23477DOI: 10.1007/s11104-004-6108-xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23477DiVA: diva2:192261
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-3072004-11-302004-11-302010-08-05Bibliographically approved