Late Holocene coastal hydrographic and climate changes in the eastern North Sea
2006 (English)In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 16, no 7, 987-1001 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present a high-resolution palaeoenvironmental reconstruction covering the late Holocene from the Skagerrak and other sites in the North Sea area. The data, which are based on the analyses of marine sediment cores, reveal a marked environmental shift that took place between AD 700 and AD 1100, with the most pronounced changes occurring at AD 900. Both surface and bottom waters in the Skagerrak were subject to major circulation and productivity changes at this time due to an enhanced advection of Atlantic waters to the North Sea marking the beginning of the 'Mediaeval Warm Period' (MWP). The observed increase in bottom current strength is especially remarkable as there is hardly any comparable signal in the older part of the record going back to 1000 BC. At the transition to the 'Little Ice Age' (LIA) the bottom current strength remains at a high level, now probably forced by atmospheric circulation. Thus, despite opposite temperature forcing, these two consecutive climate scenarios are apparently able to generate distinctly stronger bottom currents in the Skagerrak than observed in the preceding 2000 years, and demonstrate the significance of climatic forcing in shaping the marine environment. Indeed, both the MWP and the LIA are reported as strong climatic signals in northwest Europe, being the warmest (except the late twentieth century) and coldest periods, respectively, during at least the last 2000 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 16, no 7, 987-1001 p.
*CLIMATIC changes *GEOLOGY, Stratigraphic -- Holocene *OCEAN bottom *MARINE sediments *SEDIMENTATION & deposition *SUBMARINE geology *ATMOSPHERIC circulation *OCEAN currents
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23630DOI: 10.1177/0959683606hl989rpOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23630DiVA: diva2:193570
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-4132005-03-232005-03-232010-09-10Bibliographically approved