Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Normalitetens gränser: En studie om 1900-talets mentalhygieniska diskurser
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2005 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The comprehensive aim of the dissertation is to examine how ideas about mental hygiene have been elaborated and debated within the context of Swedish welfare. The dissertation is a compilation of four articles where issues of mental hygiene are examined in detail through an analysis of texts. In addition, a theoretical and methodological framework and a discussion of the concepts of mental health and normality are asserted to the dissertation. The subjects of research are (1) the launching of the movement in USA in the early twentieth, and the autobiographical narrative "A Mind That Found Itself" (Beers 1908), (2) the conception and the evolution of the movement in Sweden, (3) the psychosocial training within the education of social workers between the years 1939 –1989, and (4) the debate about the Mental health Campaign in 1969. The issues of mental hygiene and mental health discussed in the articles are elaborated in relation to the academic disciplines of Sociology of Health and Illness and the History of Public Health. The theoretical approach of these disciplines proceeds from a post-structural and social constructivist perspective of knowledge and language, a perspective also used in the interpretation of the textual materials. The section where the research methods are presented, consists of a description of how the textual materials have been selected and treated in relation to the theoretical and methodological standpoints.

The outcome of the investigation of the autobiographical book

"A Mind That Found Itself" (Beers 1908) in relation to the launching of the movement in the USA, is that the monomyth-character of the story supported an image of victory and hope, important for the movements aims to improve the reputation of psychiatry. Concerning the launching of the mental hygiene movement in Sweden two important conditions stands out as the course behind the rather hesitant start: the dominant position of custodial care and the antagonistic attitude towards psychoanalytical theories. The study of the psychosocial training of social workers showed how the skills of the clinical gaze were taught to the students by the technique of case-writing. The study of the Mental Health campaign in 1969 showed important divergences concerning the opinions of normality. Since the individual anatomy in the welfare system in Sweden is organised through the individuals position within the labour market, the issues of mental health and allied opinions of normality also contained the risks of exclusion. In conclusion, a comprehensive reflection concerning the results of the studies, is that the concept of mental hygiene, due to the mix of psychiatric and social knowledge, mediated shifting ideas about normality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan , 2005. , 206 p.
Series
Rapport i socialt arbete, ISSN 0281-6288 ; 111-205
Keyword [en]
mental hygiene, public mental health, spychosocial work, normality
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-445ISBN: 91-7155-005-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-445DiVA: diva2:193962
Public defence
2005-04-23, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveaplan, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished and had s status as follows: Papar nr. 1: Manuscript; Paper nr. 3 Accepted Manuscript; Paper nr. 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2005-04-06 Created: 2005-04-06 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Making of a Hero: Communicating the
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Making of a Hero: Communicating the
Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23675 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-445Available from: 2005-04-06 Created: 2005-04-06 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
2. Den normala människan: Mentalhygieniska diskurser i Sverige
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den normala människan: Mentalhygieniska diskurser i Sverige
2004 (Swedish)In: Normalitet och avvikelse: Samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv på kropp, sjukdom och funktionshinder : en antologi / från Pedagogiska institutionen och Institutionen för socialt arbete vid Stockholms universitet / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Sonja Olin Lauritzen, Stockholm: Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2004, , 29-55 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms universitet, 2004. 29-55 p.
Series
Forskningsrapporter från Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms universitet,, ISSN 0280-0314 ; 72
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6703 (URN)
Available from: 2007-04-25 Created: 2007-04-25 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved
3. The Case of Psychosocial Work: The Pedagogic Discourse of Psychosocial Work in Sweden 1938-1989
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Case of Psychosocial Work: The Pedagogic Discourse of Psychosocial Work in Sweden 1938-1989
2007 (English)In: Social Work Education. The International Journal, ISSN 0261-5479, Vol. 26, no 3, 261-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the pedagogic discourse of The Mental Hygiene Course (1939–1970) and the subsequent Training in Social Treatment (1971–1989), in Stockholm.The aim is to investigate the development of the psychosocial concept in Sweden; how it was expressed when adapted to the changing discourses of psychiatry and psychoanalysis

and to the regulative discourses of social policy during the time. The interpretation is undertaken through the guidelines of critical discourse analysis and Bernstein’s structural model of the discourse of education. The outcome of the textual analysis showed that the

psychiatric and regulative discourses were transmitted into the local context of social work by a technique of case writing, and the social worker/client relationship of the cases was, throughout the period, congruent with current scientific assumptions and predominant social policy. In conclusion, the concept of psychosocial work from the 1980s, which is still in use, is a mixture of psychiatric and psychoanalytic assumptions and political demands, certifying both the function of social work and the status of the client. Finally, the problems of psychosocial work attached to the dependency of social policy and psychiatric knowledge are discussed in relation to the outcome of the investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2007. 261-279 p.
Keyword
Psychosocial Work, Mental Hygiene, Training Course, Pedagogic Discourse, Social Work History
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6807 (URN)
Available from: 2007-04-25 Created: 2007-04-25 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved
4. The Meaning of Normality: The controversy about the mental health campaign in Sweden 1969
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Meaning of Normality: The controversy about the mental health campaign in Sweden 1969
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 35, no 2, 198-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

At the height of the Swedish welfare society, a campaign with the aim of promoting mental health issues within the Swedish labour market was launched. The title and purpose of the campaign, 'Mental health - an action of increased understanding and solidarity at work', was to illuminate mental health issues at work. Surprisingly to the organizers, the mental health campaign stirred up major opposition, especially from the political left. The idea of mental hygiene in an industrial and workplace setting, a cross-breed between the values of the Human Relations School and psychiatric science, was received with deep mistrust. The campaign caused an agitated debate in the media about power relations between employers and employees. The political disagreements were exposed in a number of articles in the daily newspapers and in the evening papers during the summer of that year. This article undertakes an investigation of the campaign literature and the media debate. The interpretation of the debate highlights different opinions about the meaning of normal mental health. Four different views of normality and mental health which demonstrate the complexity of the issue are presented. Mental health could mean adjustment and harmony, it could be a medical weapon to suppress the working class, it could even mean a neutral state of absence of mental problems, or lastly it could be a claim for the right to live a normal life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2010
Keyword
normality, mental health campaign, public mental health, industrial mental health, working life conditions
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50545 (URN)10.1080/03468751003718217 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-28 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(615 kB)6630 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 615 kBChecksum SHA-1
8ffcf8f451498ea7dcf14364740cbc5ea279ea108b532f6b80081bed585ceb1a3a6d2c3c
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Social Work
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 6630 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 5518 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf