Enactment Enhances Integration Between Verb and Noun, but Not Relational Processing, in Episodic Memory
2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 46, no 4, 315-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Improved recall has consistently been demonstrated following motor activation at encoding (SPT), compared to traditional verbal learning (VT). Enhancements of item-specific processing and relational processing have been proposed as possible mechanisms to account for this SPT effect. There is ample evidence supporting the notion of enhanced item-specific processing, however it is still unclear whether enhancement of relational processing contributes to improved recall. In the present study, 2 experiments were designed to address this issue. In Experiment 1, memory under 2 encoding conditions (VT vs. SPT) and 3 recall conditions (free recall vs. category-cued recall vs. verb-cued recall) were studied in 3 large samples (N= 500–600). Experiment 2 replicated the findings of Experiment 1, and controlled for the use of actual objects, short-term memory effects, and carryover effects, in Experiment 1. The results in both experiments showed an interaction between type of encoding and type of recall. Verb-cued recall was affected differently by SPT encoding, as compared to category-cued recall and free recall. The results indicate that enhanced integration between verb and noun is an effect of SPT encoding, whereas enhanced relational processing is not.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 46, no 4, 315-321 p.
Episodic memory, subject-performed tasks, relational processing, item-specific processing, integration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23758DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2005.00461.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23758DiVA: diva2:194377