Övervakning i försvarets intresse: Säkerhetspolisens övervakning och registrering av ytterlighetspartier 1917-1945
2005 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
In the Interest of the Military : Surveillance and Registration of the Extremist Political Parties by the Security Service 1917-1945 (English)
This thesis is focusing on two key questions. 1. Why and to what extent did the Swedish security service monitor and register sympathizers of the extremist political parties at the end of World War I and in the subsequent inter-war period? 2. To what extent did the Swedish government - by means of inspection, observation and management - control the surveillance and registration of the extremist political parties by the security service in 1917-1945? The study compares the development in Sweden with a trajectory of development that is formulated in the literature from observations mainly in Canada and Australia. The characteristics of this trajectory are that security agencies in the 20thcentury were autonomous in their relation with the government and expansionist in terms of their surveillance activities. This dissertation comes to two key conclusions. The first is that the surveillance and registration of Communists during the inter-war period intensified in 1930 when the military’s perception of the communist threat shifted. In 1928 the Communist movement formulated a new tactic of infiltrating the armed forces; in consequence the military introduced loyalty tests of its personnel (security vetting). The second conclusion is that the military’s and, in the winter of 1939, the government’s expansionist view of the need for surveillance and registration of the extremist political parties stands in sharp contrast to the restrictive view on this issue that was formulated by the security service. Partly as a result of this attitude of the security service, the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Social Affairs controlled the Swedish security service during World War II. I argue that the Swedish security service was restrictive rather than expansionist in its view of the surveillance and registration of the political extremist parties in 1917-1945. I also make the case that its relationship with the government on issues related to these activities was characterized by control rather than by autonomy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Historiska institutionen , 2005. , 172 p.
polisväsen, underrättelse- och säkerhetstjänst, säkerhetspolis, Sverige, historia, andra världskriget, personalkontroll
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-516ISBN: 91-7155-092-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-516DiVA: diva2:194906
2005-06-02, MA 636, Södertörns högskola, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Huddinge, 10:00
Misgeld, Klaus, professor
Molin, Karl, professor