Combined ruthenium(II)- and lipase catalysis for efficient dynamic kinetic resolution of sec-alcohols. Insight into a new racemization mechanism
2005 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 127, no 24, 8817-8825 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pentaphenylcyclopentadienyl ruthenium complexes (3) are excellent catalysts for the racemization of secondary alcohols at ambient temperature. The combination of this process with enzymatic resolution of the alcohols results in a highly efficient synthesis of enantiomerically pure acetates at room temperature with short reaction times for most substrates. This new reaction was applied to a wide range of functionalized alcohols including heteroaromatic alcohols, and for many of the latter, enantiopure acetates were efficiently prepared for the first time via dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR). Different substituted cyclopentadienyl ruthenium complexes were prepared and studied as catalysts for racemization of alcohols. Pentaaryl-substituted cyclopentadienyl complexes were found to be highly efficient catalysts for the racemization. Substitution of one of the aryl groups by an alkyl group considerably slows down the racemization process. A study of the racemization of (S)-1-phenylethanol catalyzed by ruthenium hydride η5-Ph5CpRu(CO)2H (8) indicates that the racemization takes place within the coordination sphere of the ruthenium catalyst. This conclusion was supported by the lack of ketone exchange in the racemization of (S)-1-phenylethanol performed in the presence of p-tolyl methyl ketone (1 equiv), which gave <1% of 1-(p-tolyl)ethanol. The structures of ruthenium chloride and iodide complexes 3a and 3c and of ruthenium hydride complex 8 were confirmed by X-ray analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2005. Vol. 127, no 24, 8817-8825 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-23891DOI: 10.1021/ja051576xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-23891DiVA: diva2:195179
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-5372005-05-132005-05-132010-12-08Bibliographically approved