Fragmentation and ionization of C70 and C60 by slow ions of intermediate charge
2006 (English)In: European Physical Journal D: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, ISSN 1434-6060, E-ISSN 1434-6079, Vol. 38, no 2, 299-306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have measured total and coincident (with outgoing charge-state analyzed projectiles) ionization and fragmentation spectra of C60 and C70 following collisions with Xe4+ and Kr4+ at v = 0.06 a.u. Intact positive fullerene ions in charge states up to five (C605+ and C705+) are produced with both projectiles and for Kr4++C70 collisions we even observe a small C706+ peak. The C60/70-2m3+ (m=1–7) intensity distributions are predominantly associated with the stabilization of three electrons on the projectile (s=3) and are significantly different for Xe4+- and Kr4+-projectiles. On the other hand, we find remarkable similarities in the C3+-C11+ multi-fragmentation pattern regardless of projectile species (mass) although they are associated with closer encounters in which the projectile is fully neutralized (s=4). Simple Monte Carlo calculations of nuclear and electronic loss processes show that both these contributions are very similar in glancing Xe4++C60 and Kr4++C60 collisions, suggesting that frontal (and more violent) collisions are strongly suppressed under the present experimental conditions. Nevertheless it is surprising that the more distant collisions (s=3) are projectile mass dependent, while the closer collisions (s=4) are not. This indicates that this simple approach (although it reproduces more advanced quantum mechanical calculations for slow collisions with singly charged atomic ions rather well) is not valid for a comprehensive description of the energy transfer processes in the present collision systems involving projectiles of higher charge states.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2006. Vol. 38, no 2, 299-306 p.
34.70.+e Charge transfer - 36.40.Qv Stability and fragmentation of clusters - 36.40.Wa Charged clusters
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24003DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2006-00005-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24003DiVA: diva2:196311
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6302005-09-012005-09-012010-12-01Bibliographically approved