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Children’s Peer Status and Their Adjustment in Adolescence and Adulthood: Developmental issues in sociometric research
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present research intended to examine the relationship between childhood stable peer status and adjustment in midadolescence for both genders, and adjustment in early and middle adulthood for women. One-year stably peer rejected, popular, and average boys and girls were identified by an age 10 and age 11 sociometric classification procedure using positive nominations and rank-ordering. These groups were examined in midadolescence. Findings indicated that stable peer rejection in childhood was associated with negative school adjustment and problems in peer relations in adolescence for both genders, and that many rejected boys were school dropouts. However, rejected children did not associate with deviant peers or show more antisocial behavior than their counterparts. For the adulthood follow-up, cluster analysis using LICUR was applied on rank-ordering data from age 10 and age 13 in order to identify 3-year stably rejected, popular, and average groups of girls. A methodological comparison with a standard sociometric method showed that the applied cluster analysis seems to be a useful additional tool in the arsenal of sociometric classification methods. Furthermore, one seems to arrive at larger stable peer status groups with this method than with other sociometric classification methods. The longitudinal follow-up into adulthood showed that rejected girls were at increased risk for criminal offending and alcohol abuse in young adulthood. Childhood aggressive behavior explained the significant association between peer rejection and criminality. There were no significant differences between the stable peer status clusters in the midadulthood adjustment areas of social relations, health, occupation, and subjective well-being, except that popular girls had achieved more successful vocational careers (which in its turn was explained by their higher academic achievement in childhood). Constraints and implications for future research were discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2007. , 81 p.
Keyword [en]
sociometric peer status, classification, stability, cluster analysis, longitudinal, long-term adjustment, childhood, adolescence, adulthood
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6646ISBN: 91-7155-387-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-6646DiVA: diva2:196809
Public defence
2007-03-23, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-03-01 Created: 2007-03-01Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. School adjustment in adolescence for previously rejected, average and popular children.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School adjustment in adolescence for previously rejected, average and popular children.
2003 In: British Journal of Educational Psychology, ISSN 0007-0998, Vol. 73, no 2, 207-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24122 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6646Available from: 2007-03-01 Created: 2007-03-01Bibliographically approved
2. Childhood peer status as predictor of midadolescence peer situation and social adjustment.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood peer status as predictor of midadolescence peer situation and social adjustment.
2005 In: Psychology in the Schools, ISSN 0033-3085, Vol. 42, no 7, 745-757 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24123 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6646Available from: 2007-03-01 Created: 2007-03-01Bibliographically approved
3. Cluster analysis in sociometric research: A pattern-oriented approach to identifying temporally stable peer status groups of girls.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cluster analysis in sociometric research: A pattern-oriented approach to identifying temporally stable peer status groups of girls.
2007 In: Journal of Early Adolescence, ISSN 0272-4316, Vol. 27, no 1, 90-114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24124 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6646Available from: 2007-03-01 Created: 2007-03-01Bibliographically approved
4. Girls’ stable peer status and their adulthood adjustment: A longitudinal study from age 10 to age 43.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Girls’ stable peer status and their adulthood adjustment: A longitudinal study from age 10 to age 43.
2006 In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, Vol. 30, no 4, 315-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24125 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6646Available from: 2007-03-01 Created: 2007-03-01Bibliographically approved

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