Brominated natural products at different trophic levels in the Baltic Sea: Identification of polybrominated dioxins, hydroxylated and methoxylated diphenyl ethers
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Over time, the Baltic Sea has been contaminated by increasing discharges of pollutants from human activities. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have caused toxic effects in wildlife and excess of nutrients have led to eutrophication. Furthermore, there are indications that certain polyhalogenated compounds similar in structure to man-made POPs are produced by the biota present in this sea. In the late 1990’s both methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs) and hydroxylated-PBDEs (OH-PBDEs) were identified in fish and seals living in this environment. OH-PBDEs can originate from metabolism of PBDEs, but both OH- and MeO-PBDEs are also known to be natural products in marine environments. Another group of POPs, the polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs), are not produced commercially, but are known to be by-products of chemical industry and of the combustion of, e.g., brominated flame retardants (BFRs). In contrast to the OH- and MeO-PBDEs, PBDDs have not previously been shown to be natural products, although certain related compounds have been indicated to have a natural origin.
This thesis describes the identification of PBDDs, OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in algae, blue mussels and fish living in the Baltic Sea. Several of these compounds were also detected in cyanobacteria. Moreover, PBDDs were present in fish, mussels, shrimp and crabs from different regions of the Baltic Sea and from the west coast of Sweden, but not in organisms from freshwater environments. The levels of these compounds in Baltic fish generally exceeded those of their chlorinated analogues. The origin of the PBDDs identified is somewhat unclear, but the high levels present in blue mussels and the pattern of congeners observed indicate natural production. The presence of PBDDs, OH-PBDEs and MeO-PBDEs in fish and shellfish constitutes a potential risk to both humans and wildlife and requires further investigation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för miljökemi , 2007. , 65 p.
polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins, hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers, methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers, Baltic Sea, algae, natural production
Research subject Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6701ISBN: 91-7155-366-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-6701DiVA: diva2:196895
2007-03-30, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 10:00
van Bavel, Bert, Prof.
Asplund, Lillemor, DrBergman, Åke, Prof.
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