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Cognitive Workload and the Driver: Understanding the Effects of Cognitive Workload on Driving from a Human Information Processing Perspective
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral dissertation in psychology focuses on present day transport research issues. Society is affected by the way that our transport system works. In one way or another, the use of the transport system involves different levels of human involvement and control.

The main focus of this dissertation is to understand some important effects of cognitive workload on driving. The driver’s cognitive workload is related to human information processing capacity and the use and allocation of the driver’s attention. In-vehicle technologies are of particular interest in the context of driver workload and human information processing.

The rationale of this thesis starts with the need to explore and develop a sensitive and objective measure of cognitive workload using the peripheral detection task (PDT) method. The next step continues to study the effects of cognitive workload on the human information processing stages (HIPS) framework and the way in which human information processing can be affected by performance shaping factors (PSFs). One of the PSFs had a beneficial effect on performance (experience) and one had a detrimental effect on performance (distraction).

In summary, it is clear that the human driver is limited in the number and the complexity of the tasks he or she can perform at any given time. Moreover, making mistakes, to err, is part of being human; we are fallible. It is impossible to eliminate all driver error so it is therefore important to create an environment for the driver so that his or her slips, lapses and mistakes can be detected and recovered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2007.
Keyword [en]
Cognitive workload, human information processing, driver distraction, human error, performance shaping factors (PSF), intelligent transport systems (ITS), peripheral detection task (PDT)
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6730ISBN: 978-91-7155-409-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-6730DiVA: diva2:196947
Public defence
2007-05-25, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-05-04 Created: 2007-04-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Peripheral detection as a measure of driver distraction. A study of memory-based versus system-based navigation in a built-up area
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peripheral detection as a measure of driver distraction. A study of memory-based versus system-based navigation in a built-up area
2003 In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology & Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, Vol. 6, no 1, 23-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24174 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6730Available from: 2007-05-04 Created: 2007-04-18Bibliographically approved
2. Driver experience and cognitive workload in different traffic environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driver experience and cognitive workload in different traffic environments
Show others...
2006 In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, Vol. 38, no 5, 887-894 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24175 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6730Available from: 2007-05-04 Created: 2007-04-18Bibliographically approved
3. Mobile phones and driving: A review of contemporary research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile phones and driving: A review of contemporary research
2005 In: Cognition Technology and Work, ISSN 1435-5558, Vol. 7, no 3, 182-197 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24176 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6730Available from: 2007-05-04 Created: 2007-04-18Bibliographically approved
4. Using mobile telephones: Cognitive workload and attention resource allocation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using mobile telephones: Cognitive workload and attention resource allocation
2004 In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, Vol. 36, no 3, 341-350 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24177 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6730Available from: 2007-05-04 Created: 2007-04-18Bibliographically approved

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