Parcours acquisitionnel de la négation et de quelques particules de portée en français L2
2007 (French)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
An acquisitional study of negation and some focus particles in French L2 (English)
This thesis investigates acquisition of negation and focus particles in oral L2 French. It concerns adverbs of addition (aussi, encore), restriction (seulement) and temporal contrast (déjà, encore). These items all lack independent referential value i.e. they depend on other constituents in an utterance for their interpretation, they are not structurally obligatory and they variably affect other constituents in an utterance. The learner has to capture the significance of each item, its syntactic position and its pragmatic function in a given context.
The study aims at describing the development in oral production of 24 Swedish learners, beginners to very advanced, and 6 native speakers, in all together 80 interviews, in order to postulate an acquisitional itinerary.
The analysis consists of two parts. The first one concerns negation types such as non in various functions, constituent negation (pas X), phrasal negation (ne…pas) and semi-negations (ne…aucun/jamais/personne/rien). The results show, inter alia, that non is used in different pragmatic functions at different levels of acquisition. At the initial stage, non is also used idiosyncratically as a constituent negation and as a preverbal phrasal negation. At the post-initial stage, where also the verbs are mainly finite, phrasal negation (ne) pas is post-verbal. Furthermore, the analysis showed that jamais and rien appear prior to the other semi-negations. In the second part, the use of focus particles is analyzed. The study revealed that the additive particle aussi appears first, in an initial or final position of an utterance, followed by additive encore and restrictive seulement at the post-initial stage and that the temporal adverbs encore and déjà are almost solely used by advanced learners. An acquisitional sequence was postulated, with idiosyncratic negation and additive focus particles appearing previous to post-verbal negation and restrictive particles. The temporal adverbs of contrast appear at the advanced stages.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk , 2007. , 210 p.
advanced learner, adverbs, negation, focus particles, developmental stages, L2 French, second language acquisition, itinerary, finiteness, Interfra corpus, scope, focus
Research subject French
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6740ISBN: 978-91-85059-28-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-6740DiVA: diva2:196963
2007-05-04, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 14:00
Véronique, Daniel, Professor
Bartning, Inge, Professor