Attitudes and opinion about suicide and suicidal behavior among Swedish schoolchildren and Swedish and Canadian adults
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this study was to examine both developmental and cultural influences on attitudes toward suicide and suicidal behavior. Swedish schoolchildren, Swedish and Canadian university students, and a Swedish non-student group participated. Subjects from these four groups (total N = 262) completed a suicide questionnaire scale (Lester & Bean, 1992), which comprises five components consisting of thirty-three items in a Likert response format. The components are: 1) beliefs in intrapsychic causes, 2) beliefs in interpersonal causes, 3) beliefs in societal causes, 4) personal attitudes, and 5) normative beliefs. A profile analysis approached significant main effects among the four groups over the five components. Moreover, a mixed model analysis of variance showed that the Swedish group of non-student subjects was most inclined to attribute suicide to interpersonal causes and the Swedish and the Canadian university students least. The Swedish schoolchildren were most negative toward suicide in terms of their normative beliefs and the Canadian students least. Also, gender differences were obtained, except that in the Swedish group of university students, there was no difference between female and male subjects. The results are discussed focusing on developmental, cultural and social contexts with implications for future research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 27 p.
Cognition; Culture; Development; Gender; Suicid; Vulnerability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-6797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-6797DiVA: diva2:197065
Eisler, Anna, Dr