A comparison of the DNA binding and bending capacities and the oligomeric states of the immunity repressors of heteroimmune coliphages P2 and W Phi
2007 (English)In: Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, E-ISSN 1362-4962, Vol. 35, no 10, 3167-3180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bacteriophages P2 and W Phi are heteroimmune members of the P2-like family of temperate Escherichia coli phages. Temperate phages can grow lytically or form lysogeny after infection. A transcriptional switch that contains two convergent promoters, Pe and Pc, and two repressors regulate what life mode to enter. The immunity repressor C is the first gene of the lysogenic operon, and it blocks the early Pe promoter. In this work, some characteristics of the C proteins of P2 and W Phi are compared. An in vivo genetic analysis shows that W Phi C, like P2C, has a strong dimerization activity in the absence of its DNA target. Both C proteins recognize two directly repeated sequences, termed half-sites and a strong bending is induced in the respective DNA target upon binding. P2C is unable to bind to one half-site as opposed to W Phi, but both half-sites are required for repression of W Phi Pe. A reduction from three to two helical turns between the centers of the half-sites in W Phi has no significant effect on the capacity to repress Pe. However, the protein-DNA complexes formed differ, as determined by electrophoretic mobility shift experiments. A difference in spontaneous phage production is observed in isogenic lysogens.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 10, 3167-3180 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24340DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkm171ISI: 000247817300001PubMedID: 17485481OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24340DiVA: diva2:197258
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68792007-06-052007-05-282011-09-07Bibliographically approved