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Evaluation of transportan 10 in PEI mediated plasmid delivery assay
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry and Neurotoxicology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry and Neurotoxicology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry and Neurotoxicology.
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2005 (English)In: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 103, no 2, 511-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are novel high-capacity delivery vectors for different bioactive cargoes. We have evaluated the CPP transportan 10 (TP10) as a delivery vector in different in vitro plasmid delivery assays. Tested methods include: TP10 crosslinked to a plasmid via a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomer, TP10 conjugation with polyethyleneimine (PEI), and addition of unconjugated TP10 to standard PEI transfection assay. We found that without additional DNA condensing agents, TP10 has poor transfection abilities. However, the presence of TP10 increases the transfection efficiency several folds compared to PEI alone. At as low concentrations as 0.6 nM, TP10–PNA constructs were found to enhance plasmid delivery up to 3.7-fold in Neuro-2a cells. Interestingly, the transfection efficiency was most significant at low PEI concentrations, allowing reduced PEI concentration without loss of gene delivery. No increase in cytotoxicity due to TP10 was observed and the uptake mechanism was determined to be endocytosis, as previously reported for PEI mediated transfection. In conclusion, TP10 can enhance PEI mediated transfection at relatively low concentrations and may help to develop future gene delivery systems with reduced toxicity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 103, no 2, 511-23 p.
Keyword [en]
Transportan 10, Cell-penetrating peptides, Polyethyleneimine, Transfection
National Category
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24463DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2004.12.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24463DiVA: diva2:197580
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-09-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cell-penetrating peptides as delivery vectors for oligonucleotides and proteins: Studies on applications and toxicity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cell-penetrating peptides as delivery vectors for oligonucleotides and proteins: Studies on applications and toxicity
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have for a little bit more than a decade been employed as delivery vectors for a wide range of cargoes, ranging from gold particles to entire plasmids. Although CPP are well studied and utilized in numerous publications, our knowledge about CPP mediated transport is still poor. The articles presented in this thesis all consider different aspects of CPP mediated delivery. The first two papers are evaluating and improving already known techniques. In paper I, standard polyethyleneimine (PEI) transfection is improved by conjugating the CPP TP10 to the cationic polymer. In paper II, the same CPP is employed to deliver a dsDNA decoy oligo, resulting in decreased activity of the transcription factor c-Myc. The third paper is a more general overview of the delivery efficiency of well known CPPs and how the delivered cargo influences the CPP mediated toxicity. The study shows that different CPPs are suitable for different cargos and that toxic side effects depend heavily on the cargo and coupling strategy used. In Paper IV, a novel CPP, M918, is evaluated as a delivery vector for a transposon based non-viral gene therapy system. M918 display simultaneous delivery of a plasmid carrying a selection gene and a transposase into cultured cells. This is the first study where two so vastly different molecules as a cationic protein and an anionic plasmid, are simultaneously transported into cells by a peptide vector. The method might be a first step towards a safe peptide based non-viral gene therapy platform. Taken together, the results presented in this thesis might help to improve already existing techniques, increase our understandings about CPP mediated delivery and, at the same time, develop new CPP based delivery systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för neurokemi, 2007. 73 p.
National Category
Neurosciences
Research subject
Neurochemistry with Molecular Neurobiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7067 (URN)978-91-7155-499-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-11-02, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-10-12 Created: 2007-09-11 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
2. Cell-penetrating peptides and bioactive cargoes: Strategies and mechanisms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cell-penetrating peptides and bioactive cargoes: Strategies and mechanisms
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The cell membrane is an impermeable barrier for most macromolecules. Recently discovered cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have gained lot of attention because they can cross the membrane, and even more, carry cargoes with them. How CPPs enter cells is still not clear, while the delivery of different cargoes has been convincingly shown. This thesis concentrates on evaluating CPPs as vectors for different biologically relevant cargoes. Proposed internalisation mechanisms are reviewed as well as cargo coupling strategies. Biological activities of antisense oligonucleotides delivered by CPPs have been of particular interest and are explained in greater details.

A new CPP, pIsl, was derived from Islet-1 transcription factor, and compared to archetypical CPPs like penetratin and transportan. All three peptides resided in the headgroup region of lipid bilayers in model membranes. However, penetratin and pIsl did only interact with negatively charged membranes, while transportan did not distinguish negatively charged and neutral membranes. This suggests different translocation pathways for different CPPs. Biotinylated pIsl and penetratin were complexed with avidin, and uptake of avidin into the human melanoma cell line Bowes was observed in both cases. This means that the protein is not unfolded during the translocation process, which is important in delivery of other, biologically active proteins.

Transportan and its analogue TP10 were used for peptide nucleic acid (PNA) antisense oligonucleotide delivery. First, eight human galanin receptor type 1 targeting PNA oligomers were designed, conjugated to transportan and assayed for antisense efficiency. In contrary to avidin-biotinylated peptide conjugate, a covalent bond between PNA oligomers and the transport peptide was necessary for cellular uptake of oligomers. A common problem in antisense technology is inactivity of antisense oligonucleotides due to the secondary structure of the target. Efficiencies of tested galanin receptor type 1 targeting PNA oligomers varied over two orders of magnitude. The most efficient oligomers were targeting coding sequence regions 24-38 and 27-38, and had EC50 values 70 and 80 nM, respectively.

TP10-antisense PNA oligomer conjugates were targeted also to L-type voltage dependent Ca2+ channel subunits CaV1.2 and CaV1.3. Specific down-regulation of respective proteins was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. Physiological response to the down-regulation of either of Ca2+ channels was studied by alteration of flexor reflex sensitisation. Rats treated with either of the antisense PNA, but not with scrambled PNA lost the action potential windup phenomenon. In conjunction with a variety of drugs, modulating the conductivity and excitability of neuronal membranes, a central role of L-type CaV channels in sensitisation was confirmed. Nevertheless, also N-methyl-D-aspartate and glycine receptors were found to be required.

Finally, delivery of plasmids by TP10 was evaluated. In contrary to many similar CPPs, TP10 was incapable to translocate plasmids to cells. However, addition of TP10 or a TP10-PNA conjugate to polyethyleneimine-condensed plasmids increased the expression of reporter genes.

In summary, different types of cargoes have been delivered by CPPs and different cargo coupling strategies have been used. CPP-mediated antisense oligonucleotide delivery has been used to identify accessible sites in human galanin receptor type 1 mRNA and to determine the role of L-type voltage dependent Ca2+ channels in axon potential windup.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för neurokemi, 2004. 75 p.
Keyword
Cell-penetrating peptide, delivery, Peptide nucleic acid
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-308 (URN)91-7265-986-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-12-17, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-11-25 Created: 2004-11-25 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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