Work-Related Inequalities in Health: Studies of income, work environment, and sense of coherence
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Ill health is unevenly distributed across different groups in society, with the disadvantaged groups displaying higher rates of ill health than the more advantaged groups. The aim of the thesis is to study work-related inequalities in health, and to focus on how income, aspects of the physical and psychosocial work environment, and sense of coherence, individually or jointly, generate inequalities in a number of health outcomes in the Swedish working population. The studies are based on survey data and national registers during the period 1990-2003.
For cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevalence and mortality, the impact of income was stronger than that of work environment factors. The psychosocial work environment (women and men) and income (men only) were associated with psychological distress. Income (women) and the psychosocial work environment (men) were associated with musculoskeletal pain. Thus, both income and work environment are important in generating health inequalities in the working population.
A strong sense of coherence (SOC) moderated the effect of physical demands on musculoskeletal pain in both genders. SOC moderates, yet not consistently, the impact of adverse working conditions on psychological distress and musculoskeletal pain. Hence, the results do not fully support the hypothesis that sense of coherence is a global health-protective factor. However, differential vulnerability in terms of the strength of SOC contributed to work-related inequalities in health.
The risk of stroke was higher for women and men in occupations with low job control than for those with high job control. The risk of intracerebral hemorrhage was highest in women in low job-control occupations, while low job control did not significantly increase the risk of brain infarction in women. Job control was related to mortality from stroke in women, but not in men. The effect of job control on stroke mortality in women was consistent in all classes except for upper non-manuals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Nätverkscentrum för forskning om ojämlikhet i hälsa (CHESS), (tills med KI) , 2007. , 95 p.
Health Equity Studies, ISSN 1651-5390 ; 9
Sweden, socioeconomic inequalities, income, work environment, sense of coherence, cardiovascular disease, stroke, mental health, musculoskeletal disorder
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7107ISBN: 978-91-7155-464-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7107DiVA: diva2:197650
2007-11-09, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 C, Stockholm, 10:00
Dahl, Espen, Professor i sociologi
Hemström, Örjan, Docent
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