The present work has been primarily focused on the glass forming region in the La-Si-O-N system, and attempts have been made to find glass forming regions by adopting a new synthesis route to produce glasses in oxynitride system. This goal can be attained by adding a network modifier in its metallic form instead of as an oxide. In this kind of synthesis, the metallic modifier reacts with nitrogen, which gives a strongly exothermic reaction at particular temperature. The resulting sudden increase in the temperature of the system enables the mixture to react with other components at an early stage of the synthesis. This also provides a high degree of mixing in the melt, and results in larger glass forming regions than reported until now (Figure A shows La from 30 to 62 e/o and nitrogen from 9 of 68 e/o in the La-Si-O-N system). The better property values (Tg-Tc, hardness and refractive index) were achieved over the whole compositional range in the systems.
Similarly, glasses containing Al were prepared in the Ln-Si-Al-O-N system, where Ln = La, Sm, Gd, Ho, Dy, and in the Ln-Si-O-N system, with Ln = Pr, Sm, Gd, Dy. Both systems were examined to study the properties at various nitrogen contents, which can be as high as 70 e/o. Glasses were prepared from one particular glass composition in the Pr-Si-O-N system by replacing Pr with various other La components, in order to study the effect of lanthanide substitution on the properties.
Figure A. The solid line encloses the glass forming region in the La-Si-O-N system, as determined in the present work. The dotted line represent the glass forming region according to the literature; details are given in figure 11.
A new synthesis route has extended the glass forming region, allowing a detailed study of properties such as hardness, glass transition temperature (Tg), glass crystallization temperature (Tc), density and refractive index. Comprehensive studies of properties may give better understanding of the glass structure. The glass transition temperatures range from 950 to 1100°C, and crystallization temperatures from 1050 to 1250°C; the hardness can be as high as 12 GPa and the refractive index attains the value 2.3 in the La-Si-O-N system. Hardness and refractive index were measured in both glass systems (Ln-Si-O-N and Ln-Si-Al-O-N) when substituting cations, and a detailed study of replacing La with Pr in the La-Si-O-N system yielded substantial effects on the properties of the glasses.
Higher values of hardness were found: ~13 GPa when applying load of one kg, and an increase with decreasing cation radius was noted in both the Ln-Si-O-N and the Ln-Si-Al-O-N system, containing of 63 and 61 e/o nitrogen, respectively. The hardness increases as the lanthanide ionic radius decreases, and becomes as high as 13.5 GPa in the Dy-Si-O-N system, and the refractive index is 2.3 in the La-Si-O-N system. A linear increase in the properties Tg-Tc, hardness and refractive index with increasing Pr content was found in the Pr-(La)-Si-O-N system.
Stockholm: Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi , 2007. , 91 p.
2007-11-09, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 10:00