The Influence of the Reference Measurement in MRI Image Reconstruction Using Sensitivity Encoding (SENSE)
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The use of MRI for patient examinations has constantly increased as technical development has lead to faster image acquisitions and higher image quality. Nevertheless, an MR-examination still takes relatively long time and yet another way of speeding up the process is to employ parallel imaging. In this thesis, one of these parallel imaging techniques, called SENSE, is described and examined more closely.
When SENSE is employed, the number of spatial encoding steps can be reduced thanks to the use of several receiving coils. A reduction of the number of phase encoding steps not only leads to faster image acquisition, but also to superimposed pixel values in image space. In order to be able to separate the aliased pixels, knowledge about the spatial sensitivity of the coils is required.
There are several different alternatives to how and when information about the sensitivities of the coils should be collected, but in this thesis, focus is on the method of performing a reference measurement before the actual scan. The reference measurement consists of a fast, low-resolution sequence which either is collected with both the body coil and the parallel imaging coil or only with the parallel imaging coil. A comparison of these two methods by simulations in program written MATLAB leads to the conclusion that even if the scan time of the reference measurement is doubled it seems like there are numerous advantages of also collecting data with the body coil:
• the images are more homogeneous which facilitates the establishment of a diagnose
• the noise levels in the reconstructed images are somewhat lower
• images collected with a reduced sampling density show better agreement with those collected without reduction.
Furthermore, it is shown that the reference measurement preferably should be a 3D sequence covering all the volume of interest. If a 2D sequence is used it is absolutely necessary that it can be performed in any plane and it has to be repeated for every plane that is imaged.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 38 p.
MRI, Parallel Imaging, SENSE, Sensitivity maps, Image reconstruction
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7217DiVA: diva2:197877
Nordell, Anders, Sjukhusfysiker
Nilsson, Bo, Docent