Estimation of foetal radiation dose to occupationally exposed staff in diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine.
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The protection of the unborn child in pregnant women from ionizing radiation is very important because the foetus is particularly sensitive to the effects of radiation. In case of pregnant members of staff working with ionising radiation, the unborn child is treated as a member of the general public, and a dose limit of 1 mSv during pregnancy is applied in order to protect the foetus.
The purpose of this work was to collect relevant information on exposure conditions and entrance doses of occupationally exposed workers in diagnostic radiology and nuclear medicine, and to give guidelines on how to estimate foetal doses for pregnant staff in such workplaces.
With X-ray procedures, an accumulated dose of 2 mSv during pregnancy, measured on the trunk (breast or waist) and behind a lead apron, is sufficient to ensure a foetal dose below 1 mSv. For staff working with nuclear medicine, the corresponding limit is 1.5 mSv taking into account external exposure from 99mTc. When internal contamination cannot be neglected, additional precautions need to be considered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 28 p.
Personal doses, diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7218OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7218DiVA: diva2:197878
Fransson, Annette, Fil Dr
Nilsson, Bo, Docent