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Dose-Volume Histogram Analysis of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy of Liver Tumours
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Medical Radiation Physics (together with KI).
2006 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a relatively new method which has been employed e.g. in the treatment of liver tumours. Little dosimetric data has been published for SBRT in the liver. The aim of this retrospective study was to quantify the dosimetric parameters that influence the toxicity of the healthy liver, and the effect on the tumour, for SBRT to liver tumours in patients treated at Karolinska University Hospital. A comparison was made to relating published studies.

Patients and Methods: The patient group to be studied were treated at Karolinska University Hospital for liver metastases with SBRT between July 1993 and October 2004. There were 64 patients treated with 71 treatment plans for 81 tumours. Differential dose volume histograms were collected for the clinical target volume (CTV), the planning target volume (PTV) and the liver excluding the CTV, from all dose plans. Since different fractionation schedules were used, the doses were normalised using the linear quadratic model, to be comparable. The doses to the uninvolved liver were evaluated with the mean liver dose, the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman (LKB) effective volume normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) model as well as the critical volume NTCP-model. A comparison was made to the studies of Dawson et al (2002) and Schefter et al (2005). The doses to the CTV were evaluated using the equivalent uniform dose tumour control probability (TCP) model, and related to target size and date of treatment.

Results: When the mean doses to the uninvolved liver (the liver volume without tumour tissue) were compared to Dawson and Ten Haken’s results (2005), 20 treatments out of 71 were predicted to give a risk of radiation induced liver disease (RILD) higher than 50%. The effective volume calculations predicted that 18 treatments gave a risk of RILD higher than 50%, when compared to the results of Dawson et al (2002). According to the critical volume model and the parameter values of Schefter et al (2005), our data predict that 10 of the treatments gave a risk of liver function failure, to an unspecified risk level. Treatments of large tumours resulted in higher doses to the liver. The doses to the CTV showed that the maximum prescribed dose decreased with increasing CTV.

Discussion and Conclusions: An evaluation of clinical data is necessary to make a full analysis of the treatments of this study. Such an analysis is planned for the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Liver tumour, Stereotactic radiation therapy, retrospective study
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7221OAI: diva2:197882
Available from: 2007-11-22 Created: 2007-11-22Bibliographically approved

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