Internalisation of cell-penetrating peptides into tobacco protoplasts
2005 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, ISSN 0006-3002, Vol. 1669, no 2, 101-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cells are protected from the surrounding environment by plasma membrane which is impenetrable for most hydrophilic molecules. In the last 10 years cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been discovered and developed. CPPs enter mammalian cells and carry cargo molecules over the plasma membrane with a molecular weight several times their own. Known transformation methods for plant cells have relatively low efficiency and require improvement. The possibility to use CPPs as potential delivery vectors for internalisation in plant cells has been studied in the present work. We analyse and compare the uptake of the fluorescein-labeled CPPs, transportan, TP10, penetratin and pVEC in Bowes human melanoma cells and Nicotiana tabacum cultivar (cv.) SR-1 protoplasts (plant cells without cell wall). We study the internalisation efficiency of CPPs with fluorescence microscopy, spectrofluorometry and fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). All methods indicate, for the first time, that these CPPs can internalise into N. tabacum cv. SR-1 protoplasts. Transportan has the highest uptake efficacy among the studied peptides, both in mammalian cells and plant protoplast. The internalisation of CPPs by plant protoplasts may open up a new effective method for transfection in plants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 1669, no 2, 101-107 p.
Cell-penetrating peptide, Plant protoplast, Membrane penetration, Transportan, TP10, Penetratin, pVEC
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24617DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2005.01.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24617DiVA: diva2:197938