Tests for systematic effects in supernova cosmology
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Type~Ia supernovae are used as standard candles to measure the energy density components of the universe. This led to the new paradigm in cosmology: only about 30\% of the universe is made by ordinary pressure-less matter, the rest is associated with an unknown form of energy with a negative equation of state parameter, called dark energy, able to drive the accelaration of the universe. The importance of this discovery requires to fully understand and control the possible systematic effects affecting both current and future measurements, aiming at probing the equation of state parameter, i.e. the nature of dark energy.
In this thesis, we tackle systematic effects involved in several aspects of supernova cosmology. Studies of supernova colours are used for investigating the homogeneity of the standard candle and to improve the spectral templates used for $K$-corrections. We have measured the intrinsic colour dispersion and assessed its correlation between different epochs of supernova evolution. We develop a technique for fitting the $I$-band ligthcurve and present studies of correlations of its properties with the SN luminosity. Moreover, we present a pioneer study of restframe $I$-band Hubble diagram extended at redshift $\sim$ 0.5. This is found to be a valuable complementary tool for cosmological studies, and the results found are consistent with the concordance model of the universe, though the uncertainties are large. Presence of grey dust in the intergalactic medium is investigated both using the $I$-band Hubble diagram and supernova colour excess. Although the low statistics of the high redshift sample used do not allow to draw firm conclusions, both methods are tested and shown to be useful for probing the presence of intergalactic dust. The hypothesis of supernova population drift is tested in two different ways, both studying restframe $I$-band lightcurve properties and by comparing spectra of high redshift with those of nearby SNe. One distant supernova SN~2002fd (z=0.279) shows spectral similarities with 1991T/1999aa like objects. No signs of evolution in supernova properties is found in these studies, strengthening our confidence in the measured cosmological parameters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Fysikum , 2004. , 14 p.
SICS dissertation series, ISSN 1101-1335 ; 47
Cosmology, supernovae, astrophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-73ISBN: 91-7265-455-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-73DiVA: diva2:198015
2004-04-02, sal FB53, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00
Leibundgut, Bruno, Professor
Goobar, Ariel, Professor
List of papers