Making gender matter: The role of gender-based expectancies and gender identification on women’s and men’s math performance in Sweden.
2007 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 48, 329-338 p.329-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is well established that an emphasis on gender differences may have negative effect on women's math performance in USA, Germany and the Netherlands. It has further been found that an individual’s identification with the stereotyped group may moderate effects of negative stereotypes. The present study investigated how gender-based expectancies affected the math performance of women and men in Sweden, a nation with a smaller gender gap than in other countries, and a strong cultural emphasis on gender equality. Participants, 112 female and 74 male undergraduate math students from Swedish universities, completed a difficult math test in which their gender was either linked to their test performance or not. Men performed better than women when gender was made relevant among participants who did not see their gender as an important aspect of their identity, while participants high in gender identification were unaffected by gender identity relevance. Moreover, the gender relevance manipulation affected men's performance more than women's. The results deviate from findings on US samples, indicating that the role of group identification as a moderator of stereotype-based expectancy effects is complex, and that factors in the cultural context may interact with individual differences in identification to determine the impact of negative stereotypes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
blackwell publishing , 2007. Vol. 48, 329-338 p.329-338 p.
Gender-based expectations, math performance, gender identification, intercultural differences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7301DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00588.xISI: 000248690000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7301DiVA: diva2:198018