Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE credits
The aim with this paper was to study and describe how the congruence in 1. P Sg, 1. P Pl and 3. P Pl (mä luen, me luetaan, ne lukee) appear in spoken Sweden Finnish among Sweden Finns teenagers.
The study was based on a radio interview with 17 upper secondary school students from Huddinge, south of Stockholm. Some comparative data was also provided for in studies of congruence between spoken Sweden Finnish and Finnish in Finland.
In addition to this, a discussion about the influence of Swedish on the congruence in Sweden Finnish, and the difference in congruence between boys and girls were included. The study method was descriptive and quantitative, but also qualitative observations were made.
The result of the study implied that the congruence in 1. P Sg among the informants was around 99 %. The proportion of congruent forms appeared to the same extent among boys and girls. 0.5 % of all cases was constituted by incongruence in 1. P Sg.
The incongruence in 1. P Pl was 100 % among the informants. The incongruent form was the Passive "me luetaan" or "ø luetaan". The girls used the pronoun "me" 20 % more than the boys did.
The incongruence in 3. P Pl among the informants was about 99 %. The verb in 3. P Pl was in the form 3. P Sg "ne lukee" or "ø lukee". The incongruent forms appeared to the same extent among boys and girls.
The differences in the congruence in spoken Sweden Finnish were small between the Sweden Finns and Finnish teenagers. The congruent form of standard Finnish in Sweden Finnish was used very seldom in either of the groups.
The conclusions were that the Sweden Finns may deliberately want to avoid standard Finnish forms in spoken Finnish. An inadequate education in standard Finnish in Sweden may also influence spoken Sweden Finnish. Swedish is an analytical language, and could therefore influence Sweden Finnish in a way that it becomes more analytical than spoken Finnish in Finland.
2004. , 44 p.