Studies of inorganic crystal structures and gas adsorption process in mesoporous crystals: New approach through analysis of electron charge distribution by synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Using synchrotron powder XRD experiments, I studied (i) structures of silica mesoporous MCM-41 and MCM-48 crystals, (ii) gas adsorption processes of Ar and N2 in the mesopores of the mesoporous crystals, and (iii) bonding features of CaAl2-xZnx crystals through the analysis of electron charge density distributions.
In the case of mesoporous crystals, the following two different approaches were taken depending on the number of observed X-ray reflections
1. The analytical expression was chosen and further developed to study the size and shape of the mesopores with the plane group of p6mm by powder XRD experiments. For MCM-41, following the determination of the mesopores’ size and shape, and the thickness of the adsorbed gas layer as a function of the gas pressure were successfully observed. In addition, for carbon pipe mesoporous crystals CMK-5, the carbon pipe thickness was determined and the diffraction pattern was discussed quantitatively focusing on the “accidental extinction.”
2. Maximum entropy method (MEM) was used for the structural study of MCM-48 (3D bicontinuous Ia-3d ) and for the gas adsorption process within the mesopores.
By adopting the MEM approach, the study of “bonding electrons” and associated atomic displacements from the ideal Kagome net in the Laves phase CaAl2-xZnx were observed. In particular, the two Kagome nets in the C36 structure showed different feature in the electron density distributions between each other.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för fysikalisk kemi, oorganisk kemi och strukturkemi , 2008. , 55 p.
XRD, Mesoporous, Gas adsorption, Laves Phase, MEM
Research subject Structural Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7367ISBN: 978-91-7155-588-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7367DiVA: diva2:198133
2008-03-17, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 13:30
Sanchez, Clément, Professor
Terasaki, Osamu, Professor
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