EELS studies of carbide derived carbons
2007 (English)In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 45, no 10, 2047-2053 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbide derived carbons (CDCs) have been synthesized from VC, WC, TaC, NbC, HfC and ZrC at T = 1000 °C, and from TiC at T = 700–1200 °C via a chlorination reaction. The CDCs have been studied by means of high resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). These studies show that the structures of CDCs are strongly dependent upon the nature of the starting carbide and the synthesis temperature. The structures range from very disordered nanoporous carbon, consisting of randomly curved graphene layers, to compact spherical entities of compactly packed graphitic layers. EELS studies of carbon core-loss spectra show that the relative sp2 content in these carbons varies between 83% and 98%. The low-loss part of the EEL spectra shows that the positions of the π-plasmons and the bulk plasmons are more dependent on the carbide precursor, than the synthesis temperature. The densities of the CDC particles have been estimated using the bulk plasmon positions as well as the sp3 content determined from the C-K edge spectra. The densities calculated from sp3 are close to the pycnometric ones, while the densities calculated from bulk plasmon positions are lower and reflects the nanostructure of CDCs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2007. Vol. 45, no 10, 2047-2053 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24745DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2007.05.022ISI: 000249540500017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24745DiVA: diva2:198239