Investigating the relationship between employability and self-efficacy: A cross-lagged analysis
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, E-ISSN 1464-0643, Vol. 7, no 4, 413-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The construct of employability has been conceptually related to self-efficacy in different ways. Employability has sometimes been regarded as an equivalent to self-efficacy, or as a distinct but related phenomenon. Since the relationship between the two phenomena has not been subjected to empirical scrutiny, the aim of the present study is to analyze whether self-efficacy and employability are two distinct but related constructs, and if they are, to investigate the direction of their relationship. The data (N = 1730) were collected through a two-wave longitudinal survey with one year between each data collection (2005 and 2006). The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the measures of employability and self-efficacy were distinct from one another, within and over measurement points, indicating that these are related but separate constructs. The results of latent variable cross-lagged analysis showed that employability predicted subsequent self-efficacy, even after controlling for age, gender, educational level, and regional differences. Thus, employability is not an expression of efficacy beliefs, but rather, the strengthening of employability perceptions may have beneficial effects on more general efficacy beliefs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 7, no 4, 413-425 p.
Employability; Self-efficacy; Structural equation modeling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24893DOI: 10.1080/13594320801969699ISI: 000260676300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24893DiVA: diva2:198486
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75202008-05-082008-05-082011-01-18Bibliographically approved