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Lyckas mot alla odds: Protektiva faktorer i upphörandeprocessen vid brottslig verksamhet
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2008 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the criminal career, focusing on factors of importance for quitting an ongoing severe criminal career. First a pilot study was performed on 15 young male criminals, for which an interview guide concerning life situation and background characteristics was applied and revised for further developing into a questionnaire (Study I). Further 100 male recidivists, aged 30-38 yrs and incarcerated in prisons in the region of Stockholm, Sweden, were studied. The subjects filled in a self-administered questionnaire on background factors, e.g., debut in crime and addiction, upbringing, values, and quality of social networks (Study II). The subjects were then interviewed according to the revised interview guide regarding life situation, e.g., criminality, addiction, quality of social networks, lodging situation, economic status, work and leisure-time (Study III). Self-reported personality traits were investigated using KSP, EPQ-I and SSS inventories (Study IV). Inclusion criteria were that the subject had at least three prior convictions to prison and at least a total of one year of prison served. At a follow-up three years after release from prison, registered criminal activity was assessed and subjects were grouped according to recidivism level. The subjects free of convictions displayed higher quality in upbringing conditions, relationships, and lodging situation; they also differed in self-reported evaluation of addiction and criminal life-style. Furthermore, they showed a later debut in addiction, and were less likely to live with addicted partners. Concerning personality, results indicated that individuals with higher extraversion and cognitive-psychic anxiety were less likely to be reconvicted, while individuals with higher irritability and sensation seeking traits were more likely to become reconvicted during the follow-up period. The results are discussed in terms of an interactional model of the crime quitting process

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2008. , 83 p.
Keyword [sv]
kriminell karriär, upphörande med brott, protektiva faktorer, riskfaktorer
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542ISBN: 978-91-7155-670 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7542DiVA: diva2:198546
Public defence
2008-05-30, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Livets som värsting: En studie av 15 kriminella ungdomar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Livets som värsting: En studie av 15 kriminella ungdomar
1996 In: Stockholms Socialtjänsts Forsknings- och Utvecklingsbyrå, FoU-rapport, ISSN 0283-1481, no 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24927 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved
2. Återfallsförbrytare - vilka var de?: Några bakgrundsfaktorers inverkan på återfall i brott
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Återfallsförbrytare - vilka var de?: Några bakgrundsfaktorers inverkan på återfall i brott
2005 In: Forskningskommittens rapportserie, Kriminalvårdsstyrelsen, ISSN 1650-8335, no 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24928 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved
3. Inför frigivningen: Livssituationen inför frigivningen och egenbedömning av framtida återfall
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inför frigivningen: Livssituationen inför frigivningen och egenbedömning av framtida återfall
2005 In: Forskningskommittens rapportserie, Kriminalvårdsstyrelsen, ISSN 1650-8335, no 17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24929 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved
4. Personality and Reconviction in Crime: A Three-year Follow-up Study of Male Criminal Recidivists
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personality and Reconviction in Crime: A Three-year Follow-up Study of Male Criminal Recidivists
2008 In: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, Vol. 7, no 1, 83-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24930 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved

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