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Framtidstro och framtidsdrömmar om studier och yrken: En fallstudie om gymnasieungdomars kulturella kapital
Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
2007 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Uppsatsen är en fallstudie om vad 18 ungdomar, som läser det sista året på det samhällsvetenskapliga programmet, har för framtidstro och framtidsdrömmar vad gäller studier och yrken de kommande tio åren. Studien avser att undersöka om det kulturella kapitalet påverkar ungdomarnas syn på framtiden vad gäller studier och yrken samt om det kulturella kapitalet påverkar vilka yrken som innesluts i ungdomarnas kognitiva karta. Eleverna har fått besvara enkätfrågor samt skriva två mindre uppsatsuppgifter. Undersökningen analyserar ungdomarnas skildringar kring deras framtidstro och framtidsdrömmar med hjälp av Pierre Bourdieus kulturella kapitalbegrepp samt Linda S Gottfredsons kognitiva karta över yrken. Resultatet visar en tendens att ungdomar med akademikerföräldrar har en kognitiv karta med mer prestigefyllda yrken inneslutna än vad de andra eleverna har. Dessa ungdomar har även en större tro på att framtidsdrömmarna kommer att förverkligas. De har även ett mer realistiskt resonemang kring sin framtidstro och sina framtidsdrömmar. Vår slutsats är att det kulturella kapitalet tycks påverka elevernas framtidsvisioner genom att deras kognitiva karta formas utefter individens kulturella kapital. Det kulturella kapitalet tycks påverka även, enligt denna studie, ungdomarnas tro på att framtidsdrömmarna kommer att kunna förverkligas.

The essay is a case study over 18 young people that reads the last year in high school and their beliefs in the future and future dreams as regards studies and occupations in the ten years nearest future. The study wants to investigate if the cultural capital influences the young people's apprehension of the future, as regards studies and occupations and if the cultural capital influences which occupations that includes in the young people's cognitive map of occupations. The students have responded to a questionnaire. To describe their beliefs in the future and the future dreams, as regards studies and occupations in the ten years nearest future, they have written two small compositions. To analyze the questionnaire and the compositions Pierre Bourdieus theory about cultural capital and Linda S Gottfredsons theory about cognitive map of occupations have been used. The result in the study tends to that young people with university graduated parents have a cognitive map of occupations with more high class trades than what the other students had. These young people have also a big faith that the future dreams will be realized. They have also more realistic arguments around their beliefs in the future and future dreams. The cultural capital influences the students’ future visions through the cognitive map of occupations. The cognitive map of occupations is shaped along with the individual's cultural capital. The cultural capital influences as well as according to this study, the young people's faith if the future dreams will be realized or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007.
Keyword [sv]
kulturellt kapital, framtidstro, social snedrekrytering, gymnasieungdomar
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-7653DiVA: diva2:198764
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Available from: 2008-05-02 Created: 2008-05-02Bibliographically approved

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