Adolescents at risk of persistent antisocial behaviour and alcohol problems: The role of behaviour, personality and biological factors
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of PsychologyCentre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS)2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Antisocial behaviour and alcohol problems are areas of great concern to society, not only associated with personal and emotional costs for the affected individuals and their victims, but also with major societal financial costs. What makes some individuals more likely than others to develop these kinds of problems? The general aim of this thesis was to explore the role of individual characteristics in the development of antisocial behaviour and alcohol problems. More specifically, the research focused on aspects of hyperactive behaviour, personality traits and biological vulnerability indicators in relation to self-reported norm breaking and violent behaviour, registered general criminality and violent offending in particular, and further, on risky alcohol use and drinking offences. The studies were based on both a prospective longitudinal project in which a group of adolescent male lawbreakers and controls were followed from the 1960s into the 1990s, and on more recently collected data on a representative group of Swedish male and female adolescents.
The results of the thesis supported that neuropsychological deficits, manifested in attention difficulties, and personality traits reflecting disinhibition and negative emotionality, influence the development of antisocial behaviour and risky alcohol use, which in turn increases the risk of subsequent alcohol problems. The findings indicated, furthermore, that these neuropsychological deficits may be associated with an underlying biological vulnerability to various forms of disinhibitory psychopathology. Although the thesis focuses on individual characteristics, the results also support the view that environmental risk factors such as the influence of family and peers and possible stress experiences, play an important role. It was emphasized that individual characteristics continuously interact with environmental conditions in shaping each individual’s developmental course. Results also revealed that adolescent females displaying violent behaviour and engaging in potentially harmful use of alcohol deviated more in personality traits than did the corresponding group of males. Further knowledge of the development of these problems in females is crucial, since most theories in this area have been developed primarily on male samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2005. , 58 p.
Health Equity Studies, ISSN 1651-5390 ; 7
adolescence, gender, hyperactive behaviour, biological vulnerability, personality, norm breaking behaviour, criminality, violence, alcohol problems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-781ISBN: 91-7155-173-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-781DiVA: diva2:199079
2006-01-20, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveaplan, Stockholm, 10:00
Farrington, David P.
af Klinteberg, BrittRydelius, Per-Anders
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