Determination of the effective volume of a detector
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Medical Radiation Physics (together with KI)2007 (English)
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
A method to establish the boundaries of the sensitive volume for a chosen detector to within 50µm (as specified by Elekta Instuments AB) was investigated and is presented in this project. The detector studied was fixed to a positioning system with possibility to move with sub micrometer increments, and scanned in a narrow photon field. The detectors used for the experiment were silicon diodes and a pair of diamond detectors. The silicon diodes showed great promise for future study; two radiotherapy silicon diodes and one electrical component silicon diode were used. The electrical component silicon diode produced a surprisingly sharp dose profile compared with the medical silicon diodes. The diamond detectors gave no stable results at all.
As a radiation source 60Co proved most feasible, but a diagnostic x-ray source was also tested as well as a 99mTc source. These radiation sources were also examined with a modified Penelope code, i.e. Monte Carlo simulations. What became very obvious with the Monte Carlo simulations was the importance of the line up, which was never satisfactory.
To limit the sensitive volume of these detectors to within the desired boundaries showed great difficulty and was not achieved in this project.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 39 p.
Gamma knife, Semi conductor, Detector, Effective volume, 60Co
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8000DiVA: diva2:199411
Nilsson, Bo, Docent