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Alternative employment and well-being: Contract heterogeneity and differences among individuals
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Responsible organisation
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The increasing use of temporary and part-time employment in recent decades was initially expected to lead to negative effects for the individual. The empirical evidence, however, has been equivocal and the consequences are therefore still unclear. This thesis adopts a psychological approach to alternative employment by investigating how heterogeneity in employment contracts together with individual differences associate with work attitudes and subjective well-being. It comprises four studies in which questionnaire data is used to study differences among temporary workers (Study I & II) and differences in the alternative workforce (fixed-term, on-call, and part-time workers) compared to permanent full-time workers (Study III & IV), in order to analyze the impact of different types of contracts together with individual differences. Study I found that attitudes, role stress, and health varied across different patterns in individuals’ backgrounds and contract forms. Study II demonstrated that distinct patterns of voluntary and involuntary contract motives and of work involvement associated with differences in reported work-related and general well-being. Study III showed that well-being and organizational attitudes were related to individuals’ job and contract preferences and, to some degree, heterogeneity in contract types. Study IV revealed that individuals’ perceptions of job conditions (control, demands, and job insecurity) predicted well-being, whereas type of employment contract was found to be less important. Employment contract forms, however, interacted with individual diversity in Study III and IV. The thesis concludes that differences among individuals are important for understanding the implications of different types of alternative employment contracts. Future research should focus on these interactive mechanisms to better understand the consequences of alternative employment forms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen , 2008. , 83 p.
Keyword [en]
Employment contract, temporary work, part-time work, individual characteristics, contract motives, work involvement, job characteristics, work-related attitudes, well-being, health
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8030ISBN: 978-91-7155-691-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8030DiVA: diva2:199453
Public defence
2008-09-15, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-08-25 Created: 2008-08-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Work attitudes, role stress and health among different types of contingent workers in the Swedish health care sector
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work attitudes, role stress and health among different types of contingent workers in the Swedish health care sector
2003 In: Research & Practice in Human Resource Management, ISSN 0218-5180, Vol. 11, no 2, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25311 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8030Available from: 2008-08-25 Created: 2008-08-25Bibliographically approved
2. Patterns of contract motives and work involvement in temporary work: Relations to work-related and general well-being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of contract motives and work involvement in temporary work: Relations to work-related and general well-being
2008 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 29, no 4, 565-591 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Temporary work is characterized by heterogeneity, and contract motives and work involvement are believed to differentiate temporary workers, which may explain their divergence in terms of subjective well-being. Applying a person-oriented approach using questionnaire data from a sample of Swedish temporary workers (N = 184), this study identified six patterns, characterized by distinct combinations of voluntary and involuntary contract motives and work involvement. While controlling for demo-graphics, comparative analyses found differences between these patterns in terms of work-related and general well-being. These findings indicate that knowledge about temporary work and its various consequences is enhanced by considering whole patterns instead of single variables in a person-oriented approach.

Keyword
alternative employment, contract motives, employee well-being, person-oriented approach, work involvement
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25312 (URN)10.1177/0143831X08096231 (DOI)
Available from: 2008-08-25 Created: 2008-08-25 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. Job and contract preferences in different employment forms: Relations to well-being and organizational attitudes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job and contract preferences in different employment forms: Relations to well-being and organizational attitudes
Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25313 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8030Available from: 2008-08-25 Created: 2008-08-25Bibliographically approved
4. Comparing alternative employment to permanent full-time work: How do employment contract and perceived job conditions relate to health complaints?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing alternative employment to permanent full-time work: How do employment contract and perceived job conditions relate to health complaints?
2005 In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, Vol. 19, no 4, 301-318 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25314 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8030Available from: 2008-08-25 Created: 2008-08-25Bibliographically approved

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