Kriser, inbördeskrig och remissor i Centralamerika: en komparativ studie av påverkansfaktorer på remissor i Centralamerika
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies2007 (Swedish)
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Remittances have in the last two decades risen to become an essential part of many developing countries’ economies. Previous studies have examined this phenomenon, but few have observed the existence of civil wars in the contemporary history of the receiving country.
Through a comparative study, this paper seeks to identify possible connections and linkages between large remittances and countries that have suffered from civil wars and similar crises. Central America has born witness to both high levels of remittances and a war torn past in many of its countries. Neither has been observed in Costa Rica, while the other states in the study do show such correlations.
The paper suggests that remittances are significantly higher in countries that have suffered from various disturbances such as civil war, but that also present a high level of emigrants stemming from the low-income stratum of society.
In addition, it contains a short case study of El Salvador where it is proposed that the effect of the remittances has been crucial to allow the reform-processes after the civil war to be successfully implemented, while not a major driving force behind economic development and change.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 43 p.
Remissor, Centralamerika, Inbördeskrig, Migration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8093DiVA: diva2:199559
González, Alejandro, Forskare
Bartolomei, Maria Luisa, Universitetslektor