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Studying the Interplay of Immigration and Welfare States
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Responsible organisation
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A comparative study of net transfers for different immigrant groups: Evidence from Germany

This paper analyzes determinants of net transfers for immigrants living in Germany in 2002, coming from five different countries. Net transfers refer to the net amount of costs and tax payments in the public budget account. The study focuses on differences/similarities between outcomes. The results suggest that employment situation and family composition explain a major part of the differences, but also that legal immigration status granted on arrival in Germany seem to matter.

The impact of immigration on the size of government: Empirical evidence from Danish municipalities

This study examines whether the influx of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities in the period from 1995 to 2001 affected the size of public spending. In the paper three measures of public expenditure are examined. The resulting regression estimates do not support those scholars who propose/predict a negative link between government spending and immigration in Western welfare states. On the contrary, an increase in the share of non-Western immigrants led to a small but significant increase in income tax payments.

The impact of immigration on election outcomes in Danish municipalities

In this paper we study the effects of changes in the share of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities on the support for different political parties in the period from 1989 to 2001. Regression estimations show that anti-immigration parties gained support as a reaction to a larger immigrant share, but so did also a pro-immigration party on the left. Our results point to that Danish citizens voice their displeasure over immigration within their neighborhoods; nevertheless, we do not find indications of a weakening of support for the welfare state as such, as predicted by several authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för social forskning (SOFI) , 2008. , 38 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 73
Keyword [en]
net transfers, welfare use, social cohesion, welfare state, elections, xenophobia
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8111ISBN: 978-91-7155-698-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8111DiVA: diva2:199588
Public defence
2008-09-12, hörsal 5, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-08-21 Created: 2008-08-21 Last updated: 2014-08-26Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A Comparative Study of Net Transfers for Different Immigrant Groups: Evidence from Germany
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Comparative Study of Net Transfers for Different Immigrant Groups: Evidence from Germany
2014 (English)In: International migration (Geneva. Print), ISSN 0020-7985, E-ISSN 1468-2435, Vol. 52, no 4, 175-208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of immigration to Western welfare states, certain aspects, such as the financial cost of providing social welfare, have become a subject of debate. The net amount of costs and tax payments, sometimes referred to as net transfers, has been used as a measure for evaluating the sustainability of welfare state systems. The present study analyses determinants of the volume of net transfers in Germany in 2002 with reference to immigrants from Poland, Turkey, former Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Iran. The study focuses on the differences and similarities between their outcomes. In line with previous research, the results below suggest that employment situation and family composition explain a large part of the differences in net transfers. One outcome that has not previously been adequately addressed, however, is that the legal immigration status granted on arrival in Germany is of considerable importance.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-106880 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00573.x (DOI)000339959300014 ()
Available from: 2014-08-26 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. The Impact of Immigration on the Size of Government: Empirical Evidence from Danish Municipalities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Impact of Immigration on the Size of Government: Empirical Evidence from Danish Municipalities
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 113, no 1, 74-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several studies have reported a negative relationship between ethnic heterogeneity and the size of the public sector. One problem with this literature is that ethnic composition is hardly exogenous, which obstructs attempts to reveal causal mechanisms. This paper explores the impact of changes in ethnic heterogeneity in Danish municipalities from 1995 through 2001, a period marked by an unprecedented influx of refugees. A state-sponsored placement policy restricted their choice of residence and required local governments to accept them as citizens. The analysis of the impact of this influx has not revealed any support for the claim of a decline in public sector size.

Keyword
Immigration, size of government, public goods, social cohesion, welfare state
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55215 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9442.2010.01629.x (DOI)000287453700004 ()
Available from: 2011-03-07 Created: 2011-03-07 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
3. The impact of immigration on election outcomes in Danish municipalities
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of immigration on election outcomes in Danish municipalities
Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25360 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8111Available from: 2008-08-21 Created: 2008-08-21 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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