Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Tracing Prehistoric Activities: Life ways, habitual behaviour and health of hunter-gatherers on Gotland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
Responsible organisation
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the present thesis, skeletal and dental evidence of physical strain and habitual behaviour has been investigated through musculoskeletal stress markers (MSM) and extramasticatory dental wear. The skeletal and dental traits have been examined in relation to health patterns and material culture in order to gain better knowledge of life ways of hunter-gatherers on Gotland with special focus on Pitted Ware culture sites and the Ajvide site in particular. Skeletal assemblages included in the study derive from five Middle Neolithic sites on Gotland (n= 213): Ajvide, Västerbjers, Visby, Ire and Fridtorp; as well as a medieval sample from Sigtuna (n= 343).

Although inferring specific activities from particular skeletal traits is difficult, results imply that archery was performed at Ajvide, and particularly noticeable in males. Further sex and age related differences in MSM and dental wear were observed within as well as between sites, showing that there was a gendered division of labour within the Pitted Ware culture on Gotland. A correlation was furthermore observed between extramasticatory wear and periapi-cal lesions, indicating that habitual behaviour also posed a potential health hazard.

The general health of the hunter-gatherers on Gotland was poorer compared to Medieval Sigtuna, although separate health variables exhibit a more complex image of the patterns of health and activity in these populations signifying the two different ways of life. However, no direct link between physical strain and health status was found. Neither was there a clear association between patterns of eburnation lesions and MSM, although results show that factors other than age should be considered for the onset of osteoarthritis.

The study has shown both skeletal and dental evidence of physical activity and habitual behaviour in the Pitted Ware culture. It has also shown that activity patterns indeed may have consequences for the general health status of a population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur , 2008. , 144 p.
Series
Theses and papers in osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1652-4098 ; 4
Keyword [en]
Activity-related change, Musculoskeletal Stress Markers, Extramasticatory wear, dental wear, Health index, Pitted Ware culture, Neolithic, Ajvide
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Osteoarchaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136ISBN: 978-91-7155-613-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-8136DiVA: diva2:199648
Public defence
2008-09-19, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 A, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Tracing Prehistoric Activities: Musculoskeletal Stress Marker Analysis of a Stone-Age Population
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tracing Prehistoric Activities: Musculoskeletal Stress Marker Analysis of a Stone-Age Population
2006 In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, Vol. 129, no 1, 12-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25390 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02Bibliographically approved
2. Dental Wear and Oral Pathology: Possible Evidence and Consequences of Habitual Use of Teeth in a Swedish Neolithic Sample
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dental Wear and Oral Pathology: Possible Evidence and Consequences of Habitual Use of Teeth in a Swedish Neolithic Sample
2008 (English)In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 136, no 4, 423-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Atypical wear and oral lesions were studied in the dental remains from the Middle Neolithic Pitted Ware Culture site Ajvide on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. Teeth (n = 764) from 17 males and 11 females were examined microscopically to document unusual wear, assess wear patterns and oral lesions as evidence of habitual behavior, and determine their effect on the oral health of this population. Five atypical wear types were observed: occlusal facets, occlusal excessive load, labial vertical striae, labial horizontal striae, and interproximal striae. Three oral lesions were recorded: chipping, periapical lesions, and dental tilting. Results indicate that teeth were used in a habitual manner at Ajvide, based on the morphology and regularity of the patterns of atypical wear. Differences were observed between the sexes, indicating gender-related differences in the habitual use of teeth. Some wear categories showed a significant correlation with age, signifying increased or accumulated wear with age. Statistically significant positive correlations were found in the molars between occlusal excessive load wear and periapical lesions as well as tilting. Other apparent links were also observed between chipping and vertical striae as well as excessive load, although these were not significant. This suggests a relationship between dental wear and dental pathologies at this site, suggesting that habitual use of teeth indirectly affected the general oral health at the site. Wear patterns, furthermore, seem to mirror both frequent activities as well as single events.

Keyword
Pitted Ware Culture, Gotland, Ajvide, dental lesions, extramasticatory wear
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25391 (URN)10.1002/ajpa.20824 (DOI)000257766300007 ()
Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02 Last updated: 2012-08-28Bibliographically approved
3. Patterns of Physical Activity and Material Culture on Gotland, Sweden During the Middle Neolithic
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of Physical Activity and Material Culture on Gotland, Sweden During the Middle Neolithic
2010 (English)In: International journal of osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1047-482X, E-ISSN 1099-1212, Vol. 20, no 1, 1-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Linking MSM (Musculoskeletal Stress Markers) to specific activities is difficult. This problem is explored by combining and comparing patterns of MSM and material culture. Sex- and age-related patterns for MSM and grave goods distributions are analysed and compared from five Pitted Ware (c. 3400–2300 BC) sites on Gotland, Sweden. Possible links between MSM patterns, burial objects, faunal remains and subsistence are explored for a better understanding of some of the irregularities surrounding the Pitted Ware culture hunter-gatherer complex on Gotland. Fifty-two muscle and ligament attachments on seven skeletal elements were scored on adult skeletal remains (n = 126) from the five Middle Neolithic Pitted Ware sites at Ajvide, Västerbjers, Visby, Ire and Fridtorp. Noteworthy differences were observed in MSM mean scores between the sexes as well as significantly increased scores with increased age. Distributions for ten selected grave goods categories were also examined for the adult individuals as well as for 50 subadult individuals. The grave goods frequencies showed the opposite pattern from that of MSM: young individuals had higher frequencies of the selected grave goods than the old, and females generally more than males. Burial find distributions also differ at the five sites, as well as faunal refuse proportions, while isotopic data indicate homogeneous subsistence all over the island. Circumstances surrounding the faunal remains in graves and surrounding cultural layers indicate site-specific utilisation, but also ritual handling of animals. An image of common identity on the island and membership of the local community is visible in the material culture. In addition, individual differences are apparent through MSM patterns and grave goods, but not in direct correlation to activities implied by the artefacts in the grave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley & sons inc, 2010
Keyword
Pitted Ware culture;Sweden;musculoskeletal stress markers;burial goods;grave gifts
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25392 (URN)10.1002/oa.1000 (DOI)000274598300001 ()
Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02 Last updated: 2011-02-16Bibliographically approved
4. Skeletal Evidence of Health, Disease and Activity in two Swedish Populations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skeletal Evidence of Health, Disease and Activity in two Swedish Populations
(English)In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25393 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02 Last updated: 2011-10-27Bibliographically approved
5. Osteoarthritis and Activity- An Analysis of the Relationship between Eburnation, Musculoskeletal Stress Markers and Age in two Neolithic Hunter-gatherer Populations from Gotland
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Osteoarthritis and Activity- An Analysis of the Relationship between Eburnation, Musculoskeletal Stress Markers and Age in two Neolithic Hunter-gatherer Populations from Gotland
Manuscript (Other academic)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25394 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136Available from: 2008-09-02 Created: 2008-09-02 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

cover(92 kB)191 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 92 kBChecksum SHA-1
50e69227e2b3a0d1440f82942732381240ea201414a5178dc3ec53ea516cac04d8fa099f
Type coverMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies
Archaeology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1893 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf