Promoting traffic safety among young male drivers by means of elaboration-based interventions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology2009 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, Vol. 12, no 1, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous research in social psychology has brought about significant changes in attitudes and behaviour by merely asking respondents to imagine, or reflect, on a phenomenon and arrive at their own conclusions. To test the potential of such interventions in the traffic safety area, an experiment comprising 353 young men 18–23 years old with a driver’s licence was conducted. Two experimental groups were induced to imagine a severe accident scenario and to visualize their feelings and the consequences on their future lives. A control group was interviewed about neutral issues. Attitudes towards risk-taking were measured post-intervention and at follow-up. The experimental groups showed more “ideal” attitudes than the control group post-intervention. At follow-up the attitudes of the experimental group remained unchanged, whereas the control group had changed towards more “ideal” attitudes. Self-reported risk-taking behaviour was measured pre-intervention and at follow-up. At follow-up all groups reported significantly less risk-taking behaviour than at pre-intervention. It is suggested that answering the questionnaires increased mental elaboration concerning risky driving, and it is concluded that interventions that unobtrusively make drivers reflect on their driving should be explored further as a means to promote traffic safety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 12, no 1, 1-11 p.
Young drivers, Attitude change, Risk-taking, Interventions, Traffic safety
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25501DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2008.06.001ISI: 000262188600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25501DiVA: diva2:199855