Paleolimnological response to millennial and centennial scale climate variability during MIS 3 and 2 as suggested by the diatom record in Les Echets, France
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology2008 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, Vol. 27, no 15-16, 1493-1504 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A 27 m long sediment sequence retrieved from the central part of the Les Echets basin in France has been analysed in sub-centennial resolution for biogenic silica and fossil diatom remains. The sequence corresponds to the later part of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3 and to most of MIS 2. Distinct changes in diatom productivity, diversity and taxonomic composition between 36.2 and 31.7 kyr BP appear to relate to Dansgaard–Oeschger (DO) climate variability. Intervals characterized by low diversity, productivity and small-sized benthic diatom taxa are most likely a response to colder conditions in relation to DO stadials. In contrast, higher diversity, productivity and a high abundance of planktonic taxa indicate a response to warmer temperatures during DO interstadials. The time interval between 30.3 and 15.7 kyr BP is characterized by continuous low diatom productivity and a benthic dominated community with intermediate species richness, suggesting a transition to more stable conditions. Three time intervals with extremely low concentrations of diatom valves (46.1–36.2, 31.7–30.3 and 26.3–23.6 kyr BP) overlap with ages reported for Heinrich (H) events 4, 3, and 2. We speculate that the lake at Les Echets suffered from severe ecological stress as a response to H events. This is the first detailed study exemplifying the response of a lake, based on diatoms, to climate variability during late part of MIS 3 and most of MIS 2 in Europe.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 27, no 15-16, 1493-1504 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25538DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.04.014ISI: 000259017900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25538DiVA: diva2:199922
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-82592008-10-232008-10-102012-02-09Bibliographically approved