Quantification of the Elevated Rate of Domain Rearrangements in Metazoa
2007 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Biology, ISSN 0022-2836, E-ISSN 1089-8638, Vol. 372, no 5, 1337-1348 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Most eukaryotic proteins consist of multiple domains created through gene fusions or internal duplications. The most frequent change of a domain architecture (DA) is insertion or deletion of a domain at the N or C terminus. Still, the mechanisms underlying the evolution of multidomain proteins are not very well studied.
Here, we have studied the evolution of multidomain architectures (MDA), guided by evolutionary information in the form of a phylogenetic tree. Our results show that Pfam domain families and MDAs have been created with comparable rates (0.1–1 per million years (My)). The major changes in DA evolution have occurred in the process of multicellularization and within the metazoan lineage. In contrast, creation of domains seems to have been frequent already in the early evolution. Furthermore, most of the architectures have been created from older domains or architectures, whereas novel domains are mainly found in single-domain proteins. However, a particular group of exon-bordering domains may have contributed to the rapid evolution of novel multidomain proteins in metazoan organisms. Finally, MDAs have evolved predominantly through insertions of domains, whereas domain deletions are less common.
In conclusion, the rate of creation of multidomain proteins has accelerated in the metazoan lineage, which may partly be explained by the frequent insertion of exon-bordering domains into new architectures. However, our results indicate that other factors have contributed as well.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 372, no 5, 1337-1348 p.
protein evolution, multidomain protein, Pfam, exon shuffling metazoan evolution
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25578DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.06.022ISI: 000249817500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25578DiVA: diva2:200002
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-82952008-11-062008-10-272014-11-10Bibliographically approved