Ability of various plant species to prevent N, P, and metal leakage from sewage sludge
2010 (English)In: International journal of phytoremediation, ISSN 1522-6514, Vol. 12, no 1, 67-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The preventive effect of vegetation on nutrient and metal leakage from sewage sludge (SS) used in treatment of mine waste was investigated. In a 10-week greenhouse study, the release of ammonium, nitrate, phosphate, Cd, Cu, and Zn from SS was analyzed in the absence (control) and presence of basket willow, fireweed, reed Canary grass (RCG), and Scots pine. Plants significantly decreased the leakage by reducing the amount of leachate, and lowered the concentrations of phosphate (to 0.1 mg L-1), Cu (0.8 mg L-1), and Zn (2.2 mg L-1); and plants increased the pH in the leachate towards the end of the experiment. The most efficient plant was RCG that significantly decreased the total leakage of all pollutants. However, plants could not counteract high initial concentrations of ammonium and nitrate (< 400 mg L-1 of both) and drop in pH (to 4.5), or increasing Cd release (< 9.7 μg L-1). RCG and fireweed used both ammonium and nitrate as nitrogen source and were more efficient in preventing nitrate leakage, compared with willow and pine that mainly used ammonium. This study indicates that introduction of RCG is a promising method for phytostabilization of SS, but that alkaline additives are needed to prevent an initial decrease in pH.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 12, no 1, 67-84 p.
Biosolids; Epilobium angustifolium; leachate; Phalaris arundinacea; Pinus sylvestris; Salix viminalis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25693DOI: 10.1080/15226510902767130ISI: 000277460100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25693DiVA: diva2:200290