Stabilization of mine tailings using fly ash and sewage sludge planted with Phalaris arundinacea L
2010 (English)In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, E-ISSN 1573-2932, Vol. 207, no 1-4, 357-367 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The impact of plants (Phalaris arundinacea L.) on the leakage of ammonium, cadmium, copper, nitrate, phosphate, and zinc from sulfidic mine tailings covered with wood fly ash and sewage sludge was investigated. Either ash or sludge was placed in contact with the tailings, and ash layers of either low or high compactness were used. It was revealed that an ash/sludge cover effectively decreased the metal leaching from the tailings regardless of the order in which the materials were applied. Plants decreased the amount of leachate and the concentrations of ammonium and phosphate. The presence of ash below the sludge decreased the plant uptake of copper and zinc and nitrate leakage. However, when the ash was added as a thin (1.5 cm) porous layer, roots and air reached the tailings and caused high metal leakage. The results support the use of a vegetated ash/sludge cover in the treatment of mine tailings, provided that the sealing layer is firm enough to prevent root penetration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2010. Vol. 207, no 1-4, 357-367 p.
Acid mine drainage - Bio fuel fly ash - Biosolids - Energy crop - Leachate - Reed canary grass
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25694DOI: 10.1007/s11270-009-0142-5ISI: 000274550700030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25694DiVA: diva2:200291