Properties of high nitrogen content mixed alkali-earth oxynitride glasses: (AExCa1-x)1.2(1)SiO1.9(1)N0.86(6), AE = Mg, Sr, Ba.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, Vol. 355, no 22-23, 1259-1263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mixed alkali earth element containing high nitrogen content oxynitride glasses (Ca1−xAEx)1.2(1)SiO1.9(1)N0.86(6), with AE = Mg, Sr, Ba, x ≤ 0.30 for Mg and x ≤ 0.46 for Sr and Ba, and nominally constant (Ca/AE):Si:O:N ratios were prepared in order to investigate the compositional dependencies of physical properties on alkali earth element composition. The glasses were prepared by melting mixtures of AEH2, CaH2, SiO2 and Si3N4 powders in nitrogen atmosphere at 1600–1700 °C and characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Cation and anion glass compositions were determined by respectively energy dispersive X-ray analysis and combustion analysis. The determined physical properties were density, glass transition temperature, Vickers hardness, and refractive index. The physical properties were found to vary linearly with the degree of substitution of Ca by the AE elements. The density of the glasses increases substantially upon substitution by Sr and Ba, up to 3.99 g/cm3. Glass transition temperatures are found to be higher for Mg and Sr substituted glasses, ca. 900 °C, in comparison with Ba substituted glasses, ca. 850 °C. The hardness increases upon substitution by Mg, up to 12.2 GPa at x = 0.46, and decreases upon substitution by Sr and Ba. The refractive index increases upon substitution by Sr and Ba, up to 1.97 for Ba at x = 0.46, and decreases upon substitution by Mg. The transparency of the glasses was found to increase upon increasing substitution by Mg and completely transparent glasses were obtained for x = 0.24.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 355, no 22-23, 1259-1263 p.
Oxynitride glass, Hardness, Refractive index
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25747DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.04.036ISI: 000268405000012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25747DiVA: diva2:200420
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-85212009-03-042009-02-102010-03-09Bibliographically approved