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Phantom of the Neighbourhood: Longitudinal Studies on Area-based Conditions and Individual Outcomes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of three self-contained but interrelated empirical studies focusing on theoretical, empirical and political questions in the multidisciplinary field of neighbourhood effect research. Along with a comprehensive introductory essay, each study addresses questions concerning the potential influence of neighbourhood characteristics on individual social and economic outcomes at different life stages.

Study I combines longitudinal register and survey data from the ‘golden era’ of Swedish welfare policy to evaluate a hypothesised impact of neighbourhood poverty during adolescence on a wide range of outcomes (including, but not limited to, educational and employment status) within a counterfactual model framework based on matching on propensity scores. Extensive empirical analyses indicate that, when two groups of children who are identical according to observed factors before age 10 (including household income, family structure and welfare receipt) live in different types of neighbourhood in adolescence, the outcome for those who grow up in a poor neighbourhood is not more likely to be worse than for those who grow up in a more affluent neighbourhood.

Study II considers the maximum theoretical scope of unique neighbourhood influence experienced during the years of growth on individuals’ later life income and social assistance recipiency. A three-level hierarchical linear model is applied to simultaneously distinguish variation in the outcomes over time from variation that is attributable to differences between neighbourhoods. By utilising longitudinal register data derived from a birth cohort who grew up in Stockholm at a time when Swedish welfare policy ambitions were at a peak, this study attempts to estimate the long-term significance of neighbourhood origin in the Swedish setting. The analyses clearly show that prior place of residence accounts for an exceedingly modest proportion of the variation in cohort members’ subsequent income and receipt of social assistance.

Study III explores the hypothesised negative impact of disadvantaged neighbourhood conditions, individual disadvantage, and degree of labour market establishment on levels of social trust. Using data from the Swedish Longitudinal Survey among Unemployed, ordered logit regression analyses indicate that low levels of social trust are contingent upon perceived neighbourhood disorder, personal powerlessness, perceived fear of victimisation, and accumulated episodes of temporary employment. The tentative results also indicate that neighbourhood disorder, powerlessness, and fear of victimisation interact, magnifying the negative impact on social trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swedish Institute for Social Research , 2006. , 188 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 67
Keyword [en]
Neighbourhood effects, Contextual effects, Residential segregation, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-915ISBN: 91-7155-210-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-915DiVA: diva2:200635
Public defence
2006-04-07, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 C, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-03-16 Created: 2006-03-16 Last updated: 2012-02-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Poor Places, Poor Prospects? Counterfactual Models of Neighbourhood Effects on Social Exclusion in Stockholm, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poor Places, Poor Prospects? Counterfactual Models of Neighbourhood Effects on Social Exclusion in Stockholm, Sweden
2004 In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, Vol. 41, no 13, 2515-2537 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25830 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-915Available from: 2006-03-16 Created: 2006-03-16Bibliographically approved
2. Does Neighbourhood Origin Matter? A Longitudinal Multilevel Assessment of Neighbourhood Effects on Income and Receipt of Social Assistance in a Stockholm Birth Cohort
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Neighbourhood Origin Matter? A Longitudinal Multilevel Assessment of Neighbourhood Effects on Income and Receipt of Social Assistance in a Stockholm Birth Cohort
2005 In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, Vol. 22, no 4, 169-295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25831 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-915Available from: 2006-03-16 Created: 2006-03-16Bibliographically approved
3. The Corrosion of Trust: The Impacts of Disadvantaged Neighbourhood Conditions, Fear of Victimisation, Powerlessness, and Precarious Labour Market Positions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Corrosion of Trust: The Impacts of Disadvantaged Neighbourhood Conditions, Fear of Victimisation, Powerlessness, and Precarious Labour Market Positions
2005 In: Welfare Politics Cross-examined: Eclecticist Analytical Perspectives on Sweden and the Developed World, from the 1880s to the 2000s, 2005, 289-318 p.Chapter in book (Other academic) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25832 (URN)
Note
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-915Available from: 2006-03-16 Created: 2006-03-16Bibliographically approved

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