Toxicological effects and reproductive impairments in female perch (Perca fluviatilis) exposed to leachate from Swedish refuse dumps
2005 (English)In: Aquatic Toxicology, ISSN 0166-445X, E-ISSN 1879-1514, Vol. 75, no 2, 162-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have previously found that leachate from a Swedish refuse dump caused toxicological effects, including endocrine disruption and reproductive failures, in feral female perch (Perca fluviatilis) from Molnbyggen and in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) from Vadbäcken. This raised concerns that leachate-induced toxicity might affect fish in other leachate-contaminated lakes. This study looks at female perch from three different regions in Sweden, focusing on toxicological biomarkers (skin lesions, liver-somatic index (LSI), ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity and DNA adducts) and reproductive biomarkers (number of mature females, gonadosomatic index (GSI), aromatase (P450arom), progesterone, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP), testosterone (T) and 17β-estradiol (E2)). Five out of seven contaminated locations had lower numbers of mature females and most of them exhibited higher frequencies of fin erosion relative to their comparable reference sites. Females from Lake Nedre Vättern exhibited these effects, as well as body sores, high EROD activity, high levels of DNA adducts in the liver and the intestinal mucosa, low GSI and low plasma levels of T and E2, similar to the anti-estrogenic effects earlier found in SM perch from Molnbyggen in 1997 and in brook trout from Vadbäcken. No effects on LSI, GSI, aromatase, or circulating steroids were found in mature females from Molnbyggen in this study. This indicated less leachate-contamination, but low numbers of mature females in Lake Siljan, at the sewage treatment plant which now processes the leachate that earlier contaminated Molnbyggen and Vadbäcken, suggested insufficient sewage treatment at this site. All females in Lake Simshyttsjön were mature, and their high GSI and LSI, low EROD activity, high level of 17α-OHP and low level of T, suggest an estrogenic rather than an anti-estrogenic effect. The results show that our earlier findings in Molnbyggen and Vadbäcken are not common, but neither are they unique. This study also shows that refuse dumps should be considered as potential point-sources for environmental pollutants, and that uncontrolled leachate-contamination of lakes and freshwater reservoirs could be a serious environmental hazard for both wildlife and humans.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 75, no 2, 162-177 p.
Reproductive failure; Sex steroids; Aromatase (P450arom); Ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD); Hydrophobic DNA adducts; Refuse dump leachate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25871DOI: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2005.07.011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25871DiVA: diva2:200712
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-9512006-04-122006-04-122010-07-08Bibliographically approved