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Relationships between habitat structure and fish communities on coral and sandstone reefs
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
National Aquatic Resources Agency, Sri Lanka.
1998 (English)In: Environmental Biology of Fishes, ISSN 0378-1909, Vol. 53, 19-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of habitat structure on reef-fish communities at Bar Reef Marine Sanctuary, Sri Lanka, was investigated. The relationship between habitat characteristics and the distribution and abundance och 135 species of fishes was examined on two reef types: coral and sandstone reefs. Results suggested that the reef fish communities were strongly influenced by various aspects of reef structure. However, relationships between habitat variables and fish communities structure, varied between the two reef types. Fish species diversity was correlated with a number of habitat variables on the sandstone reefs, although structural complexity seemed to play the dominant role. There were no correlations between habitat structure and fish diversity on the coral reefs. Total abundance was not related to any one habitat parameter on either reef type. However, abundances of some species, families and trophic groups were correlated with habitat features. These specific correlations were commonly related to food and shelter availability. For example, coral feeders were correlated with live coral cover, and pomacentrid species, which used branching corals for protection, showed a significant relationship with the density of Acropora colonies. This shows that a summary statistic such as total abundance may hide important information. Effects of habitat structure on the distribution patterns of the fish communities was further investigated using multidimensional scaling ordination and the RELATE-procedure. With the MDS-ordinations for both habitat and fish community composition it was possible to show that the multivariate pattern between the two ecological components was clearly correlated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 53, 19-31 p.
Keyword [en]
distribution patterns, fish assemblages, diversity, structural complexity, Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean
Research subject
Marine Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26627OAI: diva2:210764
Available from: 2009-11-05 Created: 2009-04-05 Last updated: 2009-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Öhman, Marcus C.
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